Montecristi - Manabí - Ecuador

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Montecristi - Manabí - Ecuador

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Montecristi

It is a canton of the Province of Manabí in Ecuador. Its cantonal head is the city of Montecristi. It is also known for the manufacture of straw hats toquilla, tagua, wicker and others. Among its greatest attractions are the Isla de la Plata.

It is a canton with history and a lot of tradition. His greatest historical figure is General Eloy Alfaro Delgado, one of the greatest revolutionaries in the country. Part of their remains rest in the museum of the City Alfaro, located on the top of Montecristi hill, climbed by people who like irrigation and adventure. It has beaches, the most visited is San José. The city of Montecristi looks like a small village. Its huge and misty hill resembles an old guardian of the Manabite traditions.

The people are friendly and hospitable, you can visit the Casa de Alfaro, where the museum and handicraft sales stalls are located, you can also admire the beauty of the Minor Basilica of the Virgin of Monserrat, constituted in the main attraction for the tourists, to where thousands of parishioners arrive every year. Their handicrafts made in straw toquilla, wicker, piquigua, plastic and wood are recognized throughout the country and outside of it. His identity is in the fine straw hats, recognized in the world as "Panama Hat".

Hill of Montecristi

Montecristi has an irregular terrain. In the western part where there is a massif between Jipijapa and Manta, the Cerro de Montecristi stands out because of its isolated position and its 443 meters of height, at the base of which, semicircular is the town that bears his name. Cerro Montecristi is a viewpoint over the sea and is part of the Portoviejo River basin. In addition Cerro Montecristi has always been and will be the center of attraction for locals and foreigners, climbing it is a physical and mental test, since the mere fact of being on top of an integral change to hikers, feels like owners of the world. Mausoleum of General Eloy Alfaro

Mausoleum of General Eloy Alfaro

On the Montecristi Hill in the place called Centinela is Alfaro City. Here the Mausoleum Museum is erected in honor of General Alfaro. Inside, the ashes of this illustrious Ecuadorian are jealously guarded, inside an urn surrounded by murals and representations that narrate the main moments of the Liberal Revolution and its great work that modernized the republic at the beginning of the 20th century.

Museum of the Sisters Largachas Cevallos Marlac

It was created in 1967 by the Sisters Largachas Cevallos who began acquiring pieces that the peasants managed to extract from places such as Cerro de Hojas, La Sequita, Las Pampas, El Arroyo and Los Bajos; they are pieces in stones, bones, obsidian, shells and mud that happens to be historical testimony of excavations carried out without the techniques recommended by archeology. In this museum you can see bells, funeral urns, pots to store chicha or water, which were found in the Las Lagunas site. There are artistic stamps of circular figures, triangular as ideograms as well as whistles, axes, pots for coca, pieces of bones, mirrors with volcanic glass and different archaeological pieces of great historical value. And of culture settled in our territory Manabita.

Elaboration of the real Sombrero Fino

His story was woven with care and meticulousness of his characters. Each strand of straw toquilla caressed and superimposed by the hands of the artisans for the creation of hats, purses and other articles marked a milestone in the future of Montecristi. Its inhabitants admit it. The toquilla straw hat is linked to the historical development of a village that extends at the foot of a hill and around a church. The traditional hats of this region still hang inside the portals, spacious roofed rooms where there is always a wooden table and some benches to give the finishing touches to the famous hat. According to contemporary elders, those Montecristi corners adorned with handcrafts made of straw still do not disappear. His memories resuscitate those scenes that predominated in the houses of the area in the middle of the last century. Description of hat making from the extraction of the plant to the final finish. Within the research carried out in the province of Manabí specifically in the Montecristi canton We have observed that this artisanal work is strictly manual both in the harvest and in the making of the hat. Hat making includes three main processes:

a) Preparation of the raw material
b) The tissue
c) Final finish

Preparation of raw material

The Cardulovica Palmata, the raw material for the production of toquilla straw hats, is cultivated in the mountainous parts of the coast. The first step is obtaining fiber, locally called "buds", the bud is the bud of a new leaf of the plant, while more tender, the fiber is of better quality.

Sowing

Toquilla straw is a tuber or potato similar to banana. It is sown in rows, four yards (84 cm. C / rod) wide and long distance (3.36mts).
Toquilla straw plantations are carefully cared for as they constitute the sources of an important agro-artisanal activity of the peasants.
The color and variety depend on the terrain where they grow. The waterlogged terrains, very loaded with vegetal substances, to temperatures superiors to the 26 degrees centigrade, generally produce a straw of bad quality, because the precocity with which in them it develops, causes that the fiber is after treated and processed little resistant and brittle, in addition the color with the humidity that receives when manufactured tends to stain and becomes yellowish. The growers prefer to plant the potatoes of the toquilla straw in quite inclined places, located in the western skirts of the hills, so that the rays of sun do not hurt the plant during the morning, when they fall almost perpendicularly. The sowing of strains or suckers is done in holes of 20 to 30 centimeters, now adding organic fertilizer.

Harvest

Subsequent cuts must always be made in the same period, that is, if it is cut every fifteen or twenty days, this period will always be the same. As for the cut and the benefit it presents, we must take into account some requirements: when the bud is cut very tender the straw is loose and the hat has little acceptance by the white and if on the contrary, has acquired a degree of Maturity higher than necessary, never get another green color, which makes it completely useless. When the stem on which the bud rests is approximately less than one-half a yard long (1 meter long at least), leaving an inch (2.54cm) of stem attached and care must be taken not to perform this operation on rainy weather, because of doing so, the color and quality of the straw will deteriorate noticeably. The number of buds that the plant obtains depends on the number of stepchildren it has. Stepchildren depend on the age of planting and the quality of the straw. The tuber of the toquilla is sown only once and the seed is obtained in the same hills, that is, in the old toquillares. When the plant has grown enough, this is about two and a half years, you can start cutting the buds block by block (100mts), making a selection. The months of greatest production are from March to June and those of scarcity are from September to December. One of the advantages of the cultivation of straw is that it is a plant that can be grown at any time of the year as long as the climatic conditions of the places where it is planted are appropriate.

Desvene (despichado)

Freshly harvested straw bundles have a light green color at their ends, in the center they are ivory white or pearl white. Once the buds are acquired, they are left in shade for two or three days so that the sap is eliminated by the stem. So that the quality of the hat is excellent it must be of a single pajal.

Activities can be practiced in the Montecristi Canton

You can go hiking, camping, excursions, whale watching, purchase of handicrafts and the famous toquilla straw hats, among others

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Ecuador and its unique charms.

4 worlds in one place, so you can enjoy them to the fullest...!

Ecuador country of 4 worlds, in one place...!
#AllYouNeedIsEcuador

Ecuador, officially called the Republic of Ecuador, is a sovereign country located in the northwestern region of South America. Bordered on the North by Colombia, Northwest with Peru, to the South and to the East with the Peru. The Pacific Ocean bathes the western coast, and separates it from the Galapagos Islands located thousand kilometers to the West.

Soo close Quito the capital of the Andes, stands the Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the world. It is currently one of the most traditional and culturally better preserved on the planet, it has 5 nominations for the Cultural heritage of humankind, two natural heritage of humanity and over 20 candidates for other commemorations of the Unesco .

History of the Ecuador

The first human settlements in Ecuadorian territory date back to 12 000 to.C., subsequently developed several pre-Columbian peoples. After the definitive independence from Spanish rule, part of the territory joined quickly the Gran Colombia, while the coastal territory remained independent until the annexation by manu militari by Simón Bolívar. In 1830 the Colombian territories of the South seceded and created the Ecuadorian nation.In 1979, the country returned to democratic system, although political instability between 1996 to 2006 led the country into an economic, political and social crisis, resulting in the dollarization of its economy and toppled three Presidents before the end of its mandate.

The Ecuador culture

Rag dolls representing the indigenous culture of Ecuador is a multi-ethnic and multicultural nation.It should consider the ethnic and regional diversity of Ecuador to analyze their culture. Ethnically it is marked by the presence of mestizos and indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian, white; as well as regions such as the coast, the sierra, the East and the insular region, all of them with very rich specificities.

The Ecuador climate

The country has a tropical and humid climate, the air quality is very good by the presence of large natural forests, national parks, and the Amazon rainforest.

Geography of the Ecuador

Ecuador is located on the terrestrial Equator by which its territory is located in both hemispheres.The country has an area of 283,561 square kilometers. It is divided into four natural regions (La Costa, Sierra, the Amazon and the Insular region or Galapagos), in turn is divided administratively into 24 provinces.
In the Pacific coast are the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabi, Los Rios, Guayas, Santa Elena and El Oro.In the Andes, in the North and central are , Imbabura, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua and Chimborazo, in the South are Bolívar, Cañar, Azuay and Loja.In the Amazon, on the other hand are succumbing, Napo, Pastaza, Orellana, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe and in the island, the Galapagos Islands, made up of 13 main islands region.

The Ecuador economy

Ecuador is a major exporter of bananas (first place worldwide in its production and export), flowers, and the eighth World producer of cocoa.Petroleum accounts for 40% of exports and contributes to maintaining a positive trade balance.

Festivals in the Ecuador

  • Easter, many of the provinces celebrated on this date, with regional events.
  • November 2, the Difuntos.
  • 25 of December day, they celebrate Christmas, sharing in family.
  • 331 December, farewell of the year.

Regions natural of the Ecuador

Amazon rainforest, Andes mountains, Costa and the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador national parks

Parque Nacional Yasuní, Cotopaxi, Sangay National Park, National Park Podocarpus, El Cajas National Park, National Park Machalilla National Park.

Languages spoken in Ecuador

Ecuador speaks the Spanish throughout the territory, also Quechua indigenous populations of the Sierra and the Amazon, but as it is a country with a tourist infrastructure in development, can be guides in several languages; It is possible to speak in English at the points of attention to tourists called "iTur"; created by the Ministry of tourism also in airports, Bus Terminal, municipalities and others find information points.

Shopping in Ecuador

We recommend going to the handicrafts market of Otavalo, located about 2 hours (120 km) of Quito city, there you can get variety of souvenirs and handicrafts that are found in the rest of the Andean region.And don't forget Cotacachi, a town with cute works in leather of high quality.
In the city of Cuenca also can be purchased pottery, textiles, jewelry, crafts in toquilla straw, wrought iron, etc.

Food typical of the Ecuador

Ecuador has a variety of typical food, in each of the natural regions, such as Costa, Sierra and East have their own typical food, in the East can eat a Chontacuro (worms grilled on skewer), in the Sierra you can eat a delicious "fry pork", a hornado, llapingachos, the Guinea pig, the classic "sing" in Cuenca, and a fish coconut coast, prieta salt, green bolon or ceviche de concha and many more dishes.In Manabi most importantly the food is tanning with lemon and fresh fish.

  • Pope locro, is a stew with squash, beans, corn or potatoes.
  • Roast Cuy or Guinea.
  • Cebiche or ceviche, this dish is very consumed in the coastal area.
  • Encebollado, is a stew of fish containing Yucca and pickled red onions.
  • Cuy or Guinea pig, is usually roasted.
  • Bolón de pescado
  • Bolón, is based green bananas broiled or fried previously.
  • Fritada is another delicious dish of Ecuador.Not be left confused by the name, is not a dish of fried meat.The meat of pig or pork is cooked in plenty of water and orange juice with cumin, garlic, onion, salt and pepper until the water has been consumed to be completed. Then the meat begins to Brown in its own fat. Also is it accompanied by mote (boiled maize).

Drinks and fun in Ecuador

There are many clubs and bars in constant renewal in the country.

  • A reference point for nightlife is Montañita where Sun, surf, beach and joy.
  • In Guayaquil, there are bars and clubs for all tastes.
  • In Quito, the area of fun, dancing, alcohol is known as the Mariscal. Current law restricts the opening of bars and nightclubs on holidays; the days Friday and Saturday until 2:00 am, on Sunday the sale of alcoholic beverages is limited.

Lodging in Ecuador

Ecuador has a good hotel infrastructure for all kinds of tourists, from Hostels up to Super exclusive luxury hotels such as the Hilton Hotel Oro Verde, Sheraton, Wyndham, Unipark, among others. All this is thanks to the good tourist development that has had the country in recent years.
If you need more information about where to stay, we recommend you to enter this link: Lodging in Ecuador and review the tourism infrastructure that exists in all of the Ecuador.

Tourism in Ecuador

Ecuador lies within the countries more diverse in its ecosystem and for this reason National Geographic categorized it within the top 10 tourist destinations in adventure.

Cultural in Ecuador tourist attractions

Historic center of Quito, Mitad del Mundo, Ingapirca ruins, historic centre of Cuenca, Latacunga, and much more.Come and visit Ecuador!

Natural tourist attractions in Ecuador

Galapagos Islands, National Park Yasuní, National Park El Cajas National Park Sangay, Parque nacional Podocarpus, Vilcabamba, bathrooms.
Glaciers and volcanoes: Antisana, Cayambe, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo Illinizas.El is the volcano and highest mountain of Ecuador, is the farthest from the center of the Earth, and «the point closest to the Sun». Its last known eruption is believed that you occurred around the 550 dC.
Beaches: Crucita, Atacames, Bahía de Caráquez, Esmeraldas, Manta, Salinas, Montañita

El Kilo Waterfall in Mera Ecuador

El Kilo waterfall is located in the city of Mera, in the province of Pastaza, its crystal clear waters are a perfect place to visit and enjoy a moment of relaxation.

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Galapagos Islands

Extraordinary flora and fauna, a place you must visit...!

Galapagos Islands are worldwide known for their wide biodiversity and for being the point from where Charles Darwin developed the theory of evolution.We present you 5 facts that perhaps you didn't know about the Enchanted Islands.

The term "Enchanted islands" first appeared on a map in 1589.Sailors nicknamed thus to the Galapagos Islands, by referring to these "appeared and disappeared", since due to the sea currents strong, access to the Islands was limited at certain times of the year. The nickname transcended over the years and today is still saying that the Islands are "delighted", but referring now to the great biodiversity of flora and fauna.

The Galapagos marine iguana, is the only species of reptile in the world that has managed to adapt to life under water.

The Islands are named for the giant tortoises that live there (the Galapagos word meaning turtle). This species can reach up to 16 hours a day to sleep and mainly feeds on cacti that grow there.

In keeping with the turtles, originally there were 15 species of giant tortoises in the Galapagos, unfortunately 5 of them are completely extinct, so there are only 10. The main threat of the turtles is the human being, who for years has been dedicated to hunting them for their meat and oil.

The Galapagos Islands were part of the second world war! During this war, the Government of Ecuador allowed the United States Government build a runway with strategic aims in the Islands.When the war ended, the Americans abandoned the place. That track currently serves as the main airport of the Islands, which welcomes the year thousands of passengers.