Montúfar - Carchi - Ecuador

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Montúfar - Carchi - Ecuador

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Montúfar

It is a canton in the north of Ecuador in the Province of Carchi, its capital is the city of San Gabriel. It is one of the most beautiful representations of the national heritage.

A neat city that by means of popular mingas deserves to be called "Procerato del Trabajo". On November 11, 1992, San Gabriel is declared by UNESCO as "National Heritage" for the colonial facade of its buildings. Also known as the city of Eternal Spring is located in the south east sector of the Province of Carchi, 40 Kilometers from Tulcan, created September 27, 1905. Known as the city of the seven hills ancient settlement of the Tusa people, cradle of what was the important Cuasmal Culture.

The canton takes the name of Montúfar, in honor of Colonel Carlos Montúfar, Prócer de la Independencia. Cradle of great people who have excelled nationally and internationally, leaving the name of this generous land in the areas of research, sports, education, crafts, plastic arts and poetry.

Relief

It is surrounded by hills with crops and pastures; Its topography is irregular with undulations and flat areas where the crops are located. There are introduced plant species such as eucalyptus, pine and native species such as chilca, totora from which surrounding communities take advantage for the production of mats, this species is also associated with the water mirror as well as aquatic plants that have gained large space causing the water mirror to be reduced. This lagoon is in a state of eutrophication.

Climate Cantón Montúfar

It has a variety of climates due to the irregularity of its soil (mountainous), there are: páramo cold, cold, temperate, warm humid, dry warm, depending of course on the altitudinal levels, from the Chota Valley, to the high páramos and the north-western (Subtropical) sector. Its average temperature is: in the high zones 4 ° C and in the zone of the valley it is 27 ° C.

Flora Cantón Montúfar

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), pine (Pinus radiata), totora (Eliocharis geniculata), chilca (Baccharis spp.), Guanto (Brugmansia aura).

Fauna Cantón Montúfar

Ducks (Anas flavirostris), herons (Bubulcus ibis), sparrows (Zonotrichia capensis), Zenaida auriculata (Torcaza), Columba fasciata (pigeon), Geotrygon frenata (partridge), Columbina buckleyi (Tortolita).

Economic development Canton Montúfar

Its economy is based mainly on the great trad

Es un cantón en el norte de Ecuador en la Provincia de Carchi, su capital es la ciudad de San Gabriel. Es una de las más bellas representaciones del patrimonio nacional.

Ciudad pulcra que por medio de mingas populares se hace acreedora a llamarle "Procerato del Trabajo". El 11 de noviembre de 1992, San Gabriel es declarado por la UNESCO como "Patrimonio Nacional" por la fachada colonial de sus construcciones. Conocida también como la ciudad de la Eterna Primavera se encuentra localizada en el sector sur este de la Provincia de Carchi, a 40 Kilómetros de Tulcán, creada 27 de septiembre de 1905. Conocido como la ciudad de las siete colinas antiguo asentamiento del pueblo Tusa, cuna de lo que fue la importante Cultura Cuasmal.

El cantón toma el nombre de Montúfar, en honor al Coronel Carlos Montúfar, Prócer de la Independencia. Cuna de grandes personajes que se han destacado a nivel nacional e internacional dejando en alto el nombre de esta generosa tierra en las áreas de investigación, deporte, educación, artesanías, artes plásticas y poesía.

Relieve Cantón Montúfar

Se encuentra cercada por colinas con cultivos y pastos; su topografía es irregular con ondulaciones y zonas planas donde se encuentran los cultivos. Existen especies de plantas introducidas como el eucalipto, pino y nativas como la chilca, totora de la cual las comunidades aledañas aprovechan para la elaboración de esteras, además esta especie se encuentra asociada al espejo de agua al igual que plantas acuáticas que han ganado gran espacio haciendo que el espejo de agua se reduzca. Esta laguna se encuentra en estado de eutrofización.

Clima Cantón Montúfar

Posee una variedad de climas debido a la irregularidad de su suelo (montañoso), existen: frío de páramo, frío, templado, cálido húmedo, cálido seco, dependiendo por supuesto de los niveles altitudinales, desde el Valle del Chota, hasta los altos páramos y el sector noroccidental (Subtropical). Su temperatura promedio es: en las zonas altas 4°C y en la zona del valle es 27°C.

Flora Cantón Montúfar

Eucalipto (Eucaliptos globulus), pino (Pinus radiata), totora (Eliocharis geniculata), chilca (Baccharis spp.), guanto (Brugmansia aura).

Fauna Cantón Montúfar

Patos (Anas flavirostris), garzas (Bubulcus ibis), gorriones (Zonotrichia capensis), Zenaida auriculata (Torcaza), Columba fasciata (paloma), Geotrygon frenata (perdiz), Columbina buckleyi (Tortolita).

Desarrollo económico Cantón Montúfar

Su economía está basada principalmente por el gran comercio con el departamento de Nariño (Colombia), la agricultura y ganadería, ya que es una región exquisita en terrenos fértiles, además de una variedad de climas, sus principales productos son: papa, fréjol, maíz, arveja, cebolla, cebada, habas, aguacate y una diversidad de frutas entre otros. Posee pequeñas industrias que contribuyen en el desarrollo económico de la provincia.

Fiestas más Importantes Cantón Montúfar

Cantonización: 27 de septiembre; Nuestra Señora de la Paz (La Paz): 16 de julio; Fiesta de la Virgen de las Nieves: 5-7 de agosto.

Actividades de las Fiestas: En el mes de agosto de cada año se celebra las fiestas religiosas en honor a la Virgen de las Nieves, entre los principales eventos están: las vísperas, quema de castillos, fuegos pirotécnicos, juego de gallos finos clubes y barrios se encargan de su organización.

Comida Típica Cantón Montúfar

Entre los platos típicos del cantón se encuentran: el caldo de gallina, cuy con papas, papas con queso, choclo con queso y queso amasado.

Papas con cuero: Delicioso plato preparado con cuero de chancho, papas enteras todo esto condimentado en salsa de maní.

Cuy asado: Suculento y tradicional cuy criollo asado a la brasa de carbón, acompañado de papas enteras, canguil, lechuga, tomate riñón y de las vísceras del mismo una exquisita zarza.

Queso amasado: Tradicional y autentico de nuestra zona preparado a base de leche entera y sal, que se lo puede acompañar con pan, papas enteras, habas, choclos, mellocos.

Lugares que Visitar en el Cantón Montúfar

Bosque de Los Arrayanes

Sitio favorito para los amantes del Ecoturismo este bosque tiene una extensión de 10 hectáreas de árboles de arrayán de tronco rojizo y espeso follaje, en cuyas ramas crecen musgos, orquídeas de varias clases.
Quienes lo visitan quedan maravillados debido a que es uno de los pocos que existen en Latinoamérica, y es uno de los pulmones más importante de la provincia, localizado al este de las ciudad de San Gabriel a 11 Km.

Laguna de El Salado Cantón Montúfar

Este hermoso paraje tiene 500m de largo por 200 de ancho, ubicado muy cerca de otra belleza sin igual el Bosque de los Arrayanes, sin duda alguna llama la atención a turistas nacionales e internacionales por su flora como sauces, totoras, pastos, orquídea, capulí, plantaciones exóticas de pinos y eucaliptos, así como la fauna propia de el lugar. Este hermoso lugar está localizado a 45 Kilómetros. de Tulcán y 4 Kilómetros de San Gabriel.

Cascada de Paluz Cantón Montúfar

Ubicado a 4 Km de la ciudad de San Gabriel. Tiene aproximadamente 25 m de caída de agua formada del río del mismo nombre. Ha servido de inspiración para poetas, pintores, músicos por su remanso y belleza.

Gruta de La Paz Cantón Montúfar

Sin ninguna duda este maravilloso lugar, es uno de los sitios más representativos religiosos del Cantón Montúfar. La Gruta de la Paz es única, ubicada a 18 m de San Gabriel, se ha convertido en el sitio más visitado por turistas nacionales y extranjeros. Se denomina así por la gruta donde está asentada Nuestra Señora de la Paz, ha sido formado por el caer de las aguas del río Apaquí, una cueva que tiene 150 m. de profundidad formada de estalactitas y estalagmitas de diferentes colores. Lugar de extrema belleza natural y refugio para los creyentes.

El Pilar de Athal Cantón Montúfar

Es un petroglifo paralelépido rectangular que tiene 3m de alto y cuatro lados de 2.60 a 2.80m ubicada a 16 km. De San Gabriel y situada en medio de peñas con esta piedra ha sido objeto de estudios por parte del arqueólogo alemán. Max Hule quién sostiene que los signos realizados en la piedra se refieren al culto del sol por parte de tribus antiguas, muestras que Peñaherrera y Costales creen que son más bien cultos al agua y a la fertilidad.

Iglesia Matriz de San Gabriel Cantón Montúfar

Esta joya de arquitectura colonial es considerada inigualable en su género debido a que es la única iglesia del Ecuador construida según la ley de Indias, es decir fuera de la Plaza principal, y en un lugar visible desde cualquier punto de vista.

Parque Central Cantón Montúfar

Localizada en pleno centro de la ciudad, encontramos el Monumento al procerato del Trabajo, digno reconocimiento a la gente luchadora y trabajadora de la región. Sostenido por diez columnas de estilo dorico en forma de media luna y las estrellas que simbolizan las parroquias que la conforman, dando un elemento cultural para quienes conocen de arte griego- romano.

Tradicional baile de inocentes y comparsas

Evento que se lo realiza por la calle principal de la ciudad de San Gabriel, y al cual asisten participantes locales, regionales, provinciales y también del vecino país de Colombia (Ipiales) evento que se lo realiza en el mes de enero. El Festival Carnavalero que se lo realiza en la Laguna del Salado, en el feriado de Carnaval.

Que actividades se puede practicar en el Cantón Montúfar ?

Se puede practicar caminatas, pesca deportiva, treking, turismo religioso, fotografía, educación ambiental, senderismo, avistamiento de aves.

e with the department of Nariño (Colombia), agriculture and livestock, since it is an exquisite region in fertile land, in addition to a variety of climates, its main products are: potato, beans, corn , pea, onion, barley, beans, avocado and a variety of fruits among others. It has small industries that contribute to the economic development of the province.

Most Important Parties Cantón Montúfar

Cantonization: September 27; Our Lady of Peace (La Paz): July 16; Feast of the Virgen de las Nieves: August 5-7.

Activities of the Festivities: In the month of August of each year religious celebrations are celebrated in honor of the Virgen de las Nieves, among the main events are: vespers, burning of castles, fireworks, game of fine roosters clubs and neighborhoods They take care of your organization.

Typical food Cantón Montúfar

Among the typical dishes of the canton are: broth of chicken, guinea pig with potatoes, potatoes with cheese, corn with cheese and kneaded cheese.

Potatoes with leather: Delicious dish prepared with pork skin, whole potatoes all this seasoned in peanut sauce.

Cuy roasted: Succulent and traditional guinea pig roasted on the charcoal grill, accompanied by whole potatoes, canguil, lettuce, tomato kidney and from the viscera of it an exquisite bramble.

Places to visit in Montúfar Canton

Forest of Los Arrayanes

Favorite site for lovers of Ecotourism this forest has an area of ​​10 hectares of myrtle trees reddish trunk and thick foliage, in whose branches grow mosses, orchids of various kinds.
Those who visit it are amazed because it is one of the few that exist in Latin America, and is one of the most important lungs of the province, located east of the city of San Gabriel at 11 km.

Laguna de El Salado

This beautiful place is 500m long and 200m wide, located very close to another beauty without equal the Bosque de los Arrayanes, undoubtedly draws attention to national and international tourists for its flora such as willows, reeds, grasses, orchid, capulí , exotic plantations of pines and eucalyptus, as well as the fauna of the place. This beautiful place is located at 45 Kilometers. from Tulcán and 4 Kilometers from San Gabriel.

Paluz Waterfall

Located 4 km from the city of San Gabriel. It has approximately 25 m of water fall formed from the river of the same name. It has served as an inspiration for poets, painters, musicians for its backwater and beauty.

Grotto of La Paz canton montufar

Without any doubt this wonderful place is one of the most representative religious sites of the Montufar Canton. The Grotto of Peace is unique, located 18 m from San Gabriel, it has become the most visited site by national and foreign tourists. It is named for the grotto where Our Lady of Peace is located, it has been formed by the fall of the waters of the Apaquí River, a cave that has 150 m. of depth formed of stalactites and stalagmites of different colors. Place of extreme natural beauty and refuge for believers.

The Pillar of Athal canton montufar

It is a rectangular parallelepiped petroglyph that is 3m high and four sides of 2.60 to 2.80m located 16 km. De San Gabriel and located in the middle of rocks with this stone has been the subject of studies by the German archaeologist. Max Hule who maintains that the signs made in the stone refer to the cult of the sun by ancient tribes, samples that Peñaherrera and Costales believe are more cultured to water and fertility.

Mother Church of San Gabriel

This jewel of colonial architecture is considered unique in its kind because it is the only church in Ecuador built according to the law of the Indies, that is, outside the main square, and in a place visible from any point of view.

Central Park

Located in the heart of the city, we find the Monument to the Work Process, worthy recognition to the fighting and working people of the region. Supported by ten columns of doric style in the shape of a half moon and the stars that symbolize the parishes that form it, giving a cultural element to those who know Greek-Roman art.

Traditional dance of innocents and comparsas

Event that takes place through the main street of the city of San Gabriel, and attended by local, regional, provincial and also the neighboring country of Colombia (Ipiales) event that takes place in the month of January. The Carnavalero Festival that takes place in the Laguna del Salado, on the Carnival holiday.

What activities can be practiced in the Montúfar Canton?

You can go hiking, fishing, trekking, religious tourism, photography, environmental education, hiking, bird watching.

 

Knead: Traditional and authentic of our area prepared with whole milk and salt, which can be accompanied with bread, whole potatoes, beans, corn, mellocos.

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Ecuador and its unique charms.

4 worlds in one place, so you can enjoy them to the fullest...!

Ecuador country of 4 worlds, in one place...!
#AllYouNeedIsEcuador

Ecuador, officially called the Republic of Ecuador, is a sovereign country located in the northwestern region of South America. Bordered on the North by Colombia, Northwest with Peru, to the South and to the East with the Peru. The Pacific Ocean bathes the western coast, and separates it from the Galapagos Islands located thousand kilometers to the West.

Soo close Quito the capital of the Andes, stands the Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the world. It is currently one of the most traditional and culturally better preserved on the planet, it has 5 nominations for the Cultural heritage of humankind, two natural heritage of humanity and over 20 candidates for other commemorations of the Unesco .

History of the Ecuador

The first human settlements in Ecuadorian territory date back to 12 000 to.C., subsequently developed several pre-Columbian peoples. After the definitive independence from Spanish rule, part of the territory joined quickly the Gran Colombia, while the coastal territory remained independent until the annexation by manu militari by Simón Bolívar. In 1830 the Colombian territories of the South seceded and created the Ecuadorian nation.In 1979, the country returned to democratic system, although political instability between 1996 to 2006 led the country into an economic, political and social crisis, resulting in the dollarization of its economy and toppled three Presidents before the end of its mandate.

The Ecuador culture

Rag dolls representing the indigenous culture of Ecuador is a multi-ethnic and multicultural nation.It should consider the ethnic and regional diversity of Ecuador to analyze their culture. Ethnically it is marked by the presence of mestizos and indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian, white; as well as regions such as the coast, the sierra, the East and the insular region, all of them with very rich specificities.

The Ecuador climate

The country has a tropical and humid climate, the air quality is very good by the presence of large natural forests, national parks, and the Amazon rainforest.

Geography of the Ecuador

Ecuador is located on the terrestrial Equator by which its territory is located in both hemispheres.The country has an area of 283,561 square kilometers. It is divided into four natural regions (La Costa, Sierra, the Amazon and the Insular region or Galapagos), in turn is divided administratively into 24 provinces.
In the Pacific coast are the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabi, Los Rios, Guayas, Santa Elena and El Oro.In the Andes, in the North and central are Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua and Chimborazo, in the South are Bolivar, Cañar, Azuay and Loja.In the Amazon, on the other hand are succumbing, Napo, Pastaza, Orellana, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe and in the island, the Galapagos Islands, made up of 13 main islands region.

The Ecuador economy

Ecuador is a major exporter of bananas (first place worldwide in its production and export), flowers, and the eighth World producer of cocoa.Petroleum accounts for 40% of exports and contributes to maintaining a positive trade balance.

Festivals in the Ecuador

  • Easter, many of the provinces celebrated on this date, with regional events.
  • November 2, the Difuntos.
  • 25 of December day, they celebrate Christmas, sharing in family.
  • 331 December, farewell of the year.

Regions natural of the Ecuador

Amazon rainforest, Andes mountains, Costa and the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador national parks

Parque Nacional Yasuní, Cotopaxi, Sangay National Park, National Park Podocarpus, El Cajas National Park, National Park Machalilla National Park.

Languages spoken in Ecuador

Ecuador speaks the Spanish throughout the territory, also Quechua indigenous populations of the Sierra and the Amazon, but as it is a country with a tourist infrastructure in development, can be guides in several languages; It is possible to speak in English at the points of attention to tourists called "iTur"; created by the Ministry of tourism also in airports, Bus Terminal, municipalities and others find information points.

Shopping in Ecuador

We recommend going to the handicrafts market of Otavalo, located about 2 hours (120 km) of Quito city, there you can get variety of souvenirs and handicrafts that are found in the rest of the Andean region.And don't forget Cotacachi, a town with cute works in leather of high quality.
In the city of Cuenca also can be purchased pottery, textiles, jewelry, crafts in toquilla straw, wrought iron, etc.

Food typical of the Ecuador

Ecuador has a variety of typical food, in each of the natural regions, such as Costa, Sierra and East have their own typical food, in the East can eat a Chontacuro (worms grilled on skewer), in the Sierra you can eat a delicious "fry pork", a hornado, llapingachos, the Guinea pig, the classic "sing" in Cuenca, and a fish coconut coast, prieta salt, green bolon or ceviche de concha and many more dishes.In Manabi most importantly the food is tanning with lemon and fresh fish.

  • Pope locro, is a stew with squash, beans, corn or potatoes.
  • Roast Cuy or Guinea.
  • Cebiche or ceviche, this dish is very consumed in the coastal area.
  • Encebollado, is a stew of fish containing Yucca and pickled red onions.
  • Cuy or Guinea pig, is usually roasted.
  • Bolón de pescado
  • Bolón, is based green bananas broiled or fried previously.
  • Fritada is another delicious dish of Ecuador.Not be left confused by the name, is not a dish of fried meat.The meat of pig or pork is cooked in plenty of water and orange juice with cumin, garlic, onion, salt and pepper until the water has been consumed to be completed. Then the meat begins to Brown in its own fat. Also is it accompanied by mote (boiled maize).

Drinks and fun in Ecuador

There are many clubs and bars in constant renewal in the country.

  • A reference point for nightlife is Montañita where Sun, surf, beach and joy.
  • In Guayaquil, there are bars and clubs for all tastes.
  • In Quito, the area of fun, dancing, alcohol is known as the Mariscal. Current law restricts the opening of bars and nightclubs on holidays; the days Friday and Saturday until 2:00 am, on Sunday the sale of alcoholic beverages is limited.

Lodging in Ecuador

Ecuador has a good hotel infrastructure for all kinds of tourists, from Hostels up to Super exclusive luxury hotels such as the Hilton Hotel Oro Verde, Sheraton, Wyndham, Unipark, among others. All this is thanks to the good tourist development that has had the country in recent years.
If you need more information about where to stay, we recommend you to enter this link: Lodging in Ecuador and review the tourism infrastructure that exists in all of the Ecuador.

Tourism in Ecuador

Ecuador lies within the countries more diverse in its ecosystem and for this reason National Geographic categorized it within the top 10 tourist destinations in adventure.

Cultural in Ecuador tourist attractions

Historic center of Quito, Mitad del Mundo, Ingapirca ruins, historic centre of Cuenca, Latacunga, and much more.Come and visit Ecuador!

Natural tourist attractions in Ecuador

Galapagos Islands, National Park Yasuní, National Park El Cajas National Park Sangay, Parque nacional Podocarpus, Vilcabamba, bathrooms.
Glaciers and volcanoes: Antisana, Cayambe, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo Illinizas.El is the volcano and highest mountain of Ecuador, is the farthest from the center of the Earth, and «the point closest to the Sun». Its last known eruption is believed that you occurred around the 550 dC.
Beaches: Crucita, Atacames, Bahía de Caráquez, Esmeraldas, Manta, Salinas, Montañita

Spas in Banos Ecuador

Baños de Agua Santa provides you with the best places for you to rest, relax and enjoy its magical waters.

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Galapagos Islands

Extraordinary flora and fauna, a place you must visit...!

Galapagos Islands are worldwide known for their wide biodiversity and for being the point from where Charles Darwin developed the theory of evolution.We present you 5 facts that perhaps you didn't know about the Enchanted Islands.

The term "Enchanted islands" first appeared on a map in 1589.Sailors nicknamed thus to the Galapagos Islands, by referring to these "appeared and disappeared", since due to the sea currents strong, access to the Islands was limited at certain times of the year. The nickname transcended over the years and today is still saying that the Islands are "delighted", but referring now to the great biodiversity of flora and fauna.

The Galapagos marine iguana, is the only species of reptile in the world that has managed to adapt to life under water.

The Islands are named for the giant tortoises that live there (the Galapagos word meaning turtle). This species can reach up to 16 hours a day to sleep and mainly feeds on cacti that grow there.

In keeping with the turtles, originally there were 15 species of giant tortoises in the Galapagos, unfortunately 5 of them are completely extinct, so there are only 10. The main threat of the turtles is the human being, who for years has been dedicated to hunting them for their meat and oil.

The Galapagos Islands were part of the second world war! During this war, the Government of Ecuador allowed the United States Government build a runway with strategic aims in the Islands.When the war ended, the Americans abandoned the place. That track currently serves as the main airport of the Islands, which welcomes the year thousands of passengers.