Pujilí - Cotopaxi - Ecuador
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Pujilí - Cotopaxi - Ecuador
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Pujilí is a city in the canton of Pujilí, province of Cotopaxi (Ecuador).
The city is located east of Latacunga, Pujilí is a city that was formed since the beginning of the colony. It is located in a wide valley with abundant agricultural and livestock production thanks to the fertility of its soil and the work of its people. Due to its strategic location, it is the obligatory crossing from the Andes to the Coast on the Latacunga-La Maná-Babahoyo route. The city is one of the most important tourist attractions in the province of Cotopaxi, represented in its rich folklore that embodies unique traditional prints. Pujilí means Posada de los Juguetes.
The Danzante, for example, is the central character of the celebration of Corpus Christi, which brings together the entire population in the traditional processional walk, which combines tradition, ancestral beliefs and popular religiosity. The Dancer has been classified as an intangible Cultural Heritage of the Nation. It is also known for its agricultural, livestock and artisan production. It is characterized by its painted and glazed ceramics. Its parent church is also part of its riches.
Clima Cantón Pujilí
The canton presents several climates: temperate in its urban zone, cold in the high regions and warm in subtropical areas.
Flora Cantón Pujilí
The existing flora is constituted especially of eucalyptus trees in association with pines. The remaining space is the practice of crops on a smaller scale because their soil is eroded by the use of agrochemicals.
Fauna Cantón Pujilí
Some mammal animals can also be observed as wolves, cervicabra, cougars, deer, wild horses, brave bulls, alpacas, rabbits, bears among others. The birds that live in the area are the impressive Andean condors, gigles, red-backed sparrowhawk, curiquingue, eagles, torcaza, Andean gull, páramo partridge, gallareta, spotted duck and chili.
Cantón Pujilí Typical Foods
Morcillas: This majar consists of stuffing the "intestines" of the pig with a sweet mixture of cabbage, rice, raisins, pork rind dressed with various spices and with the bledo.
Uctotortillas: They are made with corn flour and the sweet of the penco (mishque). These are fried in a clay pot.
Mishque: It is a sweet that is obtained from the black cabuyo, it is boiled and mixed with the peeled barley. This nutritious drink is called mishque.
Tourist Places Cantón Pujilí
Painting of Tigua Cantón Pujilí
The absence of written spellings in the Quechua language, as well as those pre-Hispanic languages and dialects, has had an effect on the "silence" of indigenous peoples regarding their self-perception of complex and usually unfavorable historical environments.
A silence that has hidden its own identity project, for the benefit of other foreign cultural projects. However, a form of representation that can make possible the native mentality, is presented through the pictorial illustration.
This task of communicating to peers both the daily, as well as the ritual and the events considered as fundamental in their material and spiritual life, is possible thanks to the peasants of the community of Tigua, located on the ridge of the mountain range and close to the rough topography of Zumbahua.
The indigenous people of the region learned to capture, with acrylic paintings on the skin of the sheep, their experiences, legends and dreams. They are known as Tigua paintings and are a perfect reminder of the Tigua trip between Pujilí and Zumbahua where wooden masks and paintings made of sheepskin are a great attraction for tourists.
They are the cradle of the indigenous artists, who discover in their paintings the life of the countryside and the customs of the communities where they produce; It is the living portrait of his world embedded in the picturesque valleys and we stop in the Andes.
Pinturas Cantón Pujilí
The peasant painters work on sheep's skin, which besides providing food and shelter, gives the flat surface necessary to create enamel colors, beautiful works that convey the artistic ingenuity of the Northern Andes.
The beginning of the painting in Tigua is due to Julio Toaquiza who, using wooden drums for his paintings, Julio explains his decision to become a painter based on a dream and an encounter with an old Shaman. The brushes are made of chicken feathers; the material is aniline, to dye the ponchos of the men of the sierra.
Attractive Pujilí Canton
• Tigua's paintings represent the daily life visible in the Ecuadorian Andes. The cold páramo and the clouds loaded with rain, immediately take tones of rich color, when the delicate brushes of men, women and children fill the canvases, that is to say the flat leathers already "cured" by previous cleaning.
• Three Kings: The ritual is present in the form of "Danzantes", in the traditional peasant festivals, like that of the Three Kings in December.
The privilege of the Andean pre-Hispanic peoples was the language as an instrument of communication and mechanism of transmission of knowledge, myth and history.
Sanctuary of the Child of Isinche Cantón Pujilí
The people are not only landscapes, food and nature, they are also traditions and one of their manifestations is religiosity. The west of Cotopaxi has much to offer, one of the most visited sanctuaries is the Niño de Isinche in Pujilí.
The biggest celebration in honor of the Niño de Isinche is on December 25th. On that date, the well-attended Pase del Niño, pyrotechnic games, masses, and other events take place. There is no shortage of village bands and carols.
This Sanctuary is very crowded and revered by the inhabitants of the region and tourists from all over Ecuador.
Devotion Sanctuary of the Child of Isinche Cantón Pujilí
The devotion to this colonial image of Christ as a child begins around the year 1730, when in one of the bales that arrived at the work of the Jesuits, a small carved figure was found.
Location Santuario del Niño de Isinche Cantón Pujilí
The Sanctuary of the Child of Isinche is located 3 kilometers south of the Pujilí canton. On the Isinche Grande farm.
Popular Festivities Sanctuary of the Child of Isinche Cantón Pujilí
The party in the month of December includes three parts that take place in three days: The Eve, The procession and The Mass.
Lacking eight months before starting the party, the prioste goes from house to house, asking for "jochas" (exchange of services). If the homeowner accepts the request, it becomes "Yura", a charge that also extends to the wife. The person chosen as Yura can not refuse to fulfill the position because it is a bad omen. There is a Yura for each group of disguised.
• Participants: The disguised ones, the three Kings: the Angel King, the Ambassador King, the Young King, the blacks of color, the "white blacks", the Saumeria, the Singers, the Syndic, the Huasicama, the Butler, the Caporales , the Chinese, the Yumbos, the clowns and monkeys, the bands and the yuras, all of them fulfilling specific functions in this party.
Angamarca Cantón Pujilí
Angamarca is located to the south of the valley and basin of the Toachi, with a hydrographic system centered on the Angamarca river that later is one of the tributaries of the Babahoyo and Guayas rivers. The importance of Angamarca is due to its ecological situation and as a crossroads of communication routes already in the pre-Hispanic era as well as in the colony.
The Angamarca region has a close link with the early age of the Spanish conquest and colonization and in the sixteenth century the "province" of Angamarca contained a set of 12 native parcialidades.
At the same time Angamarca belonged to the Corregimiento de Tacunga, along with the provinces of Tcunga, Mulliambato and Sugcho. Angamarca was a key point for trade and barter, thanks to communication routes that possibly followed routes from Pilaló to Quevedo.
The population sits in a small area of the rugged mountain range and its houses adhere to a slope crossed by narrow cobblestone streets.
The houses are fundamentally contemporary. The small Romanesque church with a mixture of materials such as volcanic stone, wood, straw and mud, was replaced by a more solid and comfortable building.
Attractions Angamarca Cantón Pujilí
• The Face of Stone of Angamarca: It is an archaeological ruin located in the Angamarca parish, carved in hard stone, with five meters in length, retains the Quichua history.
• Cemetery: Near the stone face there is a cemetery from which human skeletons and vessels have been extracted.
• Churopucara Inca monument, is a fortification and shrine, in the middle of a bucolic environment. They claim that they were built by Túpac-Yupanqui with the purpose of eliminating the Colorados.
• At the confluence of the Angamarca and Piñanatus rivers there are the hieroglyphs of Barranco Colorado, a set of symbols and inscriptions belonging to the Panzaleo culture. The panzaleos moved to these places to dominate the inhabitants of Zapotal.
Pottery Victoria Victoria Pujilí
The Pottery has its origin in the El Tejar neighborhood. There foreigners of the Andean Mission some years ago installed a ceramics factory in which they worked some craftsmen of the place, who learned the process of making ceramic objects.
With the passage of time and when the missionaries left, said artisans put their own workshops in which the toy production predominated to later meet the demands of construction such as tiles and tiles, to the utilitarian and decorative type: as jars, pondos, pots, crockery, ashtrays, pots, piggy banks, etc.
Location Pottery la Victoria Cantón Pujilí
Description Pottery Victory Canton Pujilí
Lately and thanks to the push of some of its craftsmen, it has been tried to improve in quality, introducing modern techniques especially in the elaboration, finishing and painting of decorative objects that nowadays have an acceptance in any part of our country and outside. of the.
Among the objects that can be admired in the market are: paintings, diverse figures, unique sculptures, vessels, masks, dancers, etc. The base material of the pottery works is clay, extracted from a site called El Tingo. This material is placed in water and with a softening technique it becomes a compacted mass. Although in the past, clay was specially converted into figures that have been delineated, processed and finished by hand, one by one, currently molds are used to facilitate the mass production of figures and other finished products.
Dancing of Pujilí
Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
The dance of the Dancer comes from Anta Citua and Cápac Citua de los Incas, the first was performed in July and the second in August, both were the expression of games, military figures, solemn, powerful and brilliant demonstrations of the same warriors, with his weapons during the dance.
The Dancer, Tushug, or "Priest of the rain", dances of joy for the harvest of corn through rites of war in honor of the Inca or Chief Cacique. As a slave, the Dancer worshiped the condor of the Andes with his arms and rhythm. He carried in his right hand a corn plant, a custom transformed into the Colony by the use of the Alfanje.
In Pujilí, clothing and rituals have become a spectacular festival that attracts tourists from all over the world. The festival of Corpus Christi is also celebrated in Angamarca, Sigchos, Zumbahua, Salcedo and other places.
The dancers wear high plumes, cutlasses, wide lace panties, bells and espadrilles. The tufts weigh more than 25 pounds because they are adorned with mirrors, shells, religious figures, necklaces, beads and colored coins.
The person wearing this costume carries in his hand the cutlass (cane) and a bottle of drink to dance to the rhythm of the bass drum, the flute and the pingullo.
Characters of the party Danzante de Pujilí
• Prioste: In the party of the Dancers, the prioste is placed first with the wife and family, carries in his hands a script, which is a badge of priostazgo. The script is composed of a cylindrical object, silver colored and approximately two meters high. At the upper end, on its half moon decorated with precious stones, shells and small crosses, highlights a larger cross and multicolored ribbons.
Formerly prioste was appointed from the pulpit, in the church a year in advance, among its obligations is the payment of the religious celebration and the arrangement of the temple to venerate the image of greater devotion. The prioste never denied the obligation, in addition there were cases in which a person voluntarily requested the concession of the priostazgo.
• Mayor: He is the organizer of this screening of Inti Raymi or Fiesta del Sol. Once he has "taken the rod" by will and devotion, months in advance he looks for candidates and commits them to the Tomin, until June when the reviews.
The Mayor promotes a loan of services between relatives, friends and neighbors, who are called Jochas. The Mayor is in charge of the holidays of the year: Christmas, Carnival, Corpus, Day of the patron saint of the Virgin, etc. La Vara is a circular object of chonta, lined in intervals with silver rings. At one end hangs a cross of the same material and small colored ribbons.
• The Dancer: represents the productive cycle of sowing, germination and harvesting. On the origin of this character there are many versions, among which is that it is a surviving manifestation of the Incario and whose origin goes back to the old Capac Citua or dance of the military, which the Incas celebrated in the month of August.
The dancer carries in his right hand the cutlass, made of wire, with bird ornaments; in the left hand, a pigeon that symbolizes the Holy Spirit and that is released during the journey of the dance, to the exit of the church. The dancers carry rattles on their legs, sewn to the attire, whose function is very important because the sound they produce helps synchronize the dancers in each step. During the three days of the party, the dancers throw fruits, sweets and breads to the public, they perform steps like the half moon, the crossing, back and forth, the eight and the characteristic movement of raising and opening the arms as if they were wings. Condor.
The Dancers of Pujilí a tufted headdress (tahalí and cutlass), very wide lace pants, rattles on the legs, espadrilles and white stockings. Each piece of clothing has its meaning. The plume, for example, turns the dancer into a man-corn, since the head contains stylizations of the tuctu or maize flower, which always descends or rises in a pyramidal form.
• Officers, Tamboneros and Pingulleros: The officers are experienced musicians for many years, the tamboneros and pingulleros play the instruments they have acquired and cured to avoid destruction, especially the sheepskin of the drums.
• Bartenders: They are indigenous people in charge of taking care that the liquors are not exhausted when the Mayor and other characters offer drinks to the spectators.
• Winemakers: They protect the property of the prioste and the mayor during the days of celebration, especially when the guests are numerous.
• Cooks: Men or women collaborate with the preparation in large pots, pots and containers: potatoes, mote, rice, onion sauce, guinea pigs, chickens and other gastronomic dishes that were used to distribute to the guests.
• Coheteros: They are the ones who launch the poultry and burn the fireworks.
• Ropayo: He usually owns all the Danzante's tracery, part bought, part inheritance of his ancestors, and the rest made with his own ability.
• Huma Cuida: Also called Huma Marca, is in charge of taking care of the head of the dancer when the character does not wear it.
• Ropacatig: Its function is to dress and undress the dancer.
• Butler: During the party he makes considerable expenses in food and drink. For the danceable rejoice it hired a costumbrista group composed of a tamborero and an interpreter of the call (flute species).
• The Dancing Woman: Dressed with multicolored ribbons, bayonet blanket and silk rebozo. In the waist wide strips. Cloth hat, silver earrings, moss necklaces, etc. Stay at a prudent distance in an attitude of respectful waiting.
• La Banda del Pueblo: After the drummers and pingulleros, a band is included in the great entourage of the dancers, for being the one that best intones appropriate rhythms such as: "Danzante Mio", "El Cortado", "La Entrada" of Corpus "," Cascabel Indiano "," Cuchara de Palo "," Ñuca Isinche "," La Cuadrera "among others.