Cotopaxi Province - Ecuador

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Cotopaxi Province

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Cotopaxi Province

The province of the volcano is one of the 24 provinces of the Republic of Ecuador, located in the Sierra region of the country, to the north-central part of the country. Its capital is Latacunga. The province takes its name from the largest and most important volcano in its territory, the Cotopaxi volcano. Cotopaxi is politically divided into 7 cantons. According to the latest land planning, the province of Cotopaxi belongs to the central region 3 also included in the provinces of Pastaza, Chimborazo and Tungurahua

Cotopaxi has a large number of indigenous people who work in agriculture. In Cotopaxi, foods such as corn, barley, potatoes, broccoli, wheat, and flowers are grown for export (in temperate zones), while in warmer or subtropical areas, cocoa, banana, coffee and sugar cane are grown, as well as some tropical fruits. Large areas of land in this province are intended for pastures suitable for cattle. Milk, meat and dairy is produced.

Hydrography Cotopaxi Province

The hydrographic system constitutes the Cutuchi river that is born in the Cotopaxi, is formed in turn by the Manzanahuayco and Rumiñahui rivers; The system is complemented by Yanayacu, Nagsiche, Chalupas, Illuchi, Patoa, Pumacunchi and Quindigua.

Flora Cotopaxi Province

The vegetation in Cotopaxi is varied, you can see trees native to the area such as "polilepis, pine, capulí" and other species such as "chuquiragua, pumamaqui, mortiño, romerillo, quinoa, chochos" among others.

Fauna Cotopaxi Province

Some mammalian animals can also be observed as wolves, cervicabra, pumas, deer, wild horses, bulls, alpacas, rabbits, bears among others. The birds that live in the area are the imposing Andean Condors, gigles, red-backed hawks, curiquingue, eagles, torcaza, Andean seagull, páramo partridge, gallareta, dotted duck and chillic.

Climate Cotopaxi Province

The climate varies very humid temperate, rainy wasteland and tropical subhumid according to the region. The province has a climate that ranges from the ice of the Andean peaks to the warm humid in the western subtropics. The capital, Latacunga, is located 2,800 meters above sea level, which determines a mild, sometimes windy and cold climate. In General the province has an average annual temperature of 12 ° C, so it has a temperate, cold and warm humid climate.

Orography Cotopaxi Province

The eastern central hole of Patate, in which this province is located, borders to the north, with the Tiopullo knot and the Casaguala mountains to the southwest. There are valleys and badlands like those of Sigchos, Mulaló, Pastocalle, Mulatos that model their orography.

Natural resources Cotopaxi Province

The Latacunga valley has a magnificent soil, suitable for the agricultural production of barley, wheat, corn, legumes, vegetables and fruit trees such as: capulí, pear, apple, claudias, mirabelles, taxo, peach, grape, prickly pear, tomato, fig queen -claudia, quince; while the western sector is conducive to the cultivation of bananas, sugar cane, fruit trees and various tropical products. Forest wealth is considerable, as there are forested areas composed of: walnut, alder, laurel, oak, among others.

Typical foods Cotopaxi Province

Chugchucaras dish: consists of fried pork, mote (boiled white corn), potatoes, fried bananas, empanadas, popcorn and pork rinds. It is accompanied by chili pepper, a spicy sauce made with chili peppers, tomatoes, cilantro and onion.

Llapingachos: French fries, mashed around a cheese center that is usually served with baked or fried pork. It is usually served with avocado, sausage, fried egg, tomato and lettuce salad on one side.

Allullas: they are prepared with wheat flour, which is cooked with pure lard and eggs are very crispy.

Salcedo ice cream: they are made from fresh fruit juice, especially coconut, strawberry, blackberry, naranjilla, avocado, mango, soursop, papaya, etc.

Roasted Cuy (Saquisilí): includes a guinea pig (marinated and roasted on charcoal), accompanied by potatoes cooked with lettuce, tomato and bramble (similar to a stew that has long onion, milk, peanuts, among others.)

Tourist Attractions Cotopaxi Province

Latacunga is the capital of the province of Cotopaxi and cantonal head of the homonymous canton. It is located in the central Sierra of the country, in the foothills of the Andes mountain range in Ecuador, near the Cotopaxi volcano in the hole of Patate. It is located at 2750 meters above sea level and has an average temperature of 12 degrees Celsius.

The city of Latacunga offers multiple tourist destinations of various kinds (nature, culture, gastronomy, history, etc.), within the city and its surroundings.

Cathedral: It began to be built in the middle of the 17th century with a large nave and an octagonal dome cruise is Romanesque. At the end of the 19th century the tower of Romanesque arches and an Islamic auction were built. Pieces of colonial imagery can be seen on its pumice altar. It is located in the streets: Quito and General Mldonado.

El Salto Church: It has a nave and twin towers, settled from north to south, it was made at the end of the 19th century and finished in the middle of the 20th century. It is located between the streets: Juan Abel Echeverría and Antonio Clavijo, next to the Plaza de El Salto.

La Merced Church: It began as a chapel in 1640, it is built on a Latin Cross plane, of a ship with two cruise ships, it enhances an artistic dome. In 1949, due to the Ambato earthquake, the tower fell on the main door, being rebuilt, but lost its original structure. It is located between the streets: Juan Abel Echeverría, and Quijano and Ordonez.

Church of San Agustín: Neoclassical influence shows circular columns with Ionic capital with its cornice finish. Pumice stone serves to inform the pilasters that support the arches on both floors of agility. In 1820, the convent was occupied by Spanish military forces, serving as a barracks to a fraction of the "Los Andes" Battalion. It is between Hermanas Páez and Quito streets.

San Francisco Church: Its construction began in 1600 and culminated in 1693, but in 1698 the church was ruined by the earthquake. It is located on General Manuel Maldonado and Quijano and Ordonez.
San Sebastián Church: It is located on Josefa Calixto Street, between Juan Abel Echeverría and San Bartolomé Island.

Molinos de Monserrat: built in 1756, as a colonial work, currently constitutes a multiple cultural center, the Archaeological Museum (with pre-classic cultural relics) is located in the Folk Museum (clothing, instruments and ensembles referring to different manifestations of culture popular). And the installation of the art gallery with works by Tabara, Guerrera, Guayasamin, Román

Municipal palace: official building, seat of the town hall, built between 1910 and 1936 in pumice stone with Doric influence and Corinthian elements with wall decorations that reflect patriotic events.

House of the Marquises of Miraflores: built in the first half of the 18th century, among its several owners stands out the Ignacio Flores, Marqués de Miraflores and President of the Royal Audience of Charcas (today Bolivia) in 1782. In its construction vaults are appreciated carved in pumice stone with beautiful arabesques and Mudejars. Currently the Department works. Culture and Public Relations of the Cabildo, small folkloric, civic and historical museums and "Simón Bolívar" library.

Hacienda de Tilipulo: originally built as a community exploitation work in 1540, it is currently an architectural installation with religious influences that summarize various aspects of local history.

Feast of the Black Mama Province of Cotopaxi

This festival takes place at the end of September, on the 23rd and 24th, the day of the autumn equinox, and which the Catholic Church commemorates the Virgin of Mercy; It is also celebrated by the city's independence celebrations, on November 11. It is a religious syncretism that enjoys a lot of color, joy and public disorder, because the thousands of national and foreign tourists who arrive at this great party not only delight their senses with the music, costumes and dance of the troupes that make up this celebration , but of the liquor that is distributed to all who ask for it. Despite this detail, the party is lived as the representativeness of pure national folklore.

Latacunga, a city embedded in the middle of the Ecuadorian Andes, in South America, keeps within it a unique socio-cultural and folkloric manifestation, the Comparsa de la Mama Negra, also called the Blessed Tragedy or the Feast of the Captaincy.

On October 31, 2005 the National Institute of Cultural Heritage agrees "To declare as a property belonging to the Intangible Cultural Heritage of the State, to the feast of the Black Mama or feast of the Captaincy".

Cotopaxi National Park

Cotopaxi volcano in eruptive process.
The Cotopaxi National Park is a protected area of ​​Ecuador located on the border of the provinces of Pichincha, Cotopaxi and Napo in Ecuador, and that includes the Cotopaxi Volcano in its space.

Its ecosystem is home to several tree species, especially pine trees, which makes the place a unique place in South America as it reminds more of an alpine forest than an forest of the Andes.

The Park is connected to Quito by the four-lane Pan-American Highway, which allows the trip from that city to the park in about an hour and a quarter. An alternative is the train, which also departs from Quito, and it takes an hour and a half to reach the park station, another alternative would be entering the city of Machachi, heading to the Barrio Santa Ana del Pedregal, where you can visit some hostels.

Its altitude varies from 3400-5897 meters above sea level. Its temperature varies from 0 to 20 degrees Celsius; with an annual average rainfall of 500 to 1500 mm

There are many dense forests left as the rest have been destroyed by fires or to plant grasses. there are extensive moors with moor straw that is the predominant grass in the region as it rises representative plants appear as chuquiragua, alchemila, plant colonies in the form of pads, mosses, lichens, romelio, quishuar or tree of god, mortiño. which is a hard fruit widely used; in perpetuated snow there is no vegetation.

Fauna: wolves, pumas, bears, deer, rabbits, condors, wild horses and foxes. Geology: natural lagoons, trails, snowy Cotopaxi. Infrastructure: cabins, high mountain center, camping center, travelers center, mountaineers' shelters. Archeology: Ruins of Citadel of the Puruháes. Astronomy: Center for Integrated Surveys of Natural Resources by Remote Sensors (CLIRSEN)

Quilotoa Volcano Cotopaxi Province

Quilotoa is a water-filled caldera and the westernmost volcano in the Ecuadorian Andes. The 3 kilometers wide caldera was formed by the collapse of this dacite volcano after a catastrophic VEI-6 eruption about 800 years ago, which produced pyroclastic flows and lahars that reached the Pacific Ocean, and a reservoir of air was spread in the air volcanic ash along the Northern Andes. The caldera has accumulated a depth of 250 m from the crater lake, which has a greenish color, as a result of dissolved minerals. Fumarolas are found at the bottom of the lake and hot springs occur on the eastern flank of the volcano.

Quilotoa is a tourist site of increasing popularity. The route of the "summit" (the small town of Quilotoa) is usually traveled by a hired truck or by bus from the town of Zumbahua 17 km south. Visitors must pay two dollars, each to look from the edge of the boiler. A series of simple hostels have been developed in the immediate area, and offer services such as mules and guides for the five-hour walk around the caldera (whose diameter is about 9 km), half an hour of walking down (and 02.01 hours of walking back to the ascent of 400 vertical meters), and very basic accommodation in your bowl. Camping is allowed at the bottom of the crater, but there is no drinking water (except half-liter bottles sold in the hostel), and only a toilet that is just a well, located in the hostel.

Caspi: natural viewpoint in the Caspi sector bird watching and surrounding elevations.

San Juan de Pastocalle: The parish San Juan de Pastocalle, is located to the northwest of the province of Cotopaxi, crossed by the inter-Andean alley and partly by the Central Pan-American of Latacunga - Quito

Termas de Cunuyacu: A volcano with two summits, a heart-shaped hill and a turquoise green lagoon are the main attractions of the Illinizas Reserve.

Reserve of the Illinizas: A volcano with two summits, a heart-shaped hill and a turquoise green lagoon are the main attractions of this reserve. From its foothills are born the slopes for two important rivers, the Toachi, which runs north through a 40-meter high canyon, and the Pilatón.

Chalupas: Chalupas is a volcano famous for its immense volcanic eruption, it is known historically because an eruption of "Chalupas" can be really catastrophic even more than Cotopaxi itself.

Los Búhos Church Cave: Los Búhos Church Cave is a geological fault that is approximately 25 meters high, it is presumed to have formed following an earthquake due to eruptions of the Cotopaxi volcano.

National Recreation Area EL BOLICHE: Known for its pine and cypress plantation, which covers 200 hectares and has almost completely replaced the moor.

Sigchos: Sigchos offers options for ecological tourism, the Tangan Columns are ideal for rock climbing, the Toachi Canyon provides a unique landscape to enjoy during a hike.

Sinchaguasín Viewpoint: Elevation located at 2,943 meters above sea level and consists of 600 steps through which the viewpoint is climbed on top of the mountain from where you can fully appreciate the beauty of Pujilí.

The hill of Sinchaguasín: It consists of 600 bleachers of bright colors by which one ascends until reaching the viewpoint at the top of the mountain, from which you can appreciate all the beauty of the sector.

Cascada del Diablo: This area crossed the old road that linked Santo Domingo with Cotopaxi, or at a distance of 8 km. from the Palo Quemado Center towards the Devil's Waterfall.

Source:
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotopaxi_Province
https://www.ecured.cu/Provincia_de_Cotopaxi_(Ecuador)
http://turismoaccesible.ec/site/destination/region-sierra/cotopaxi/

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FIESTA_DE_LA_MAMA_NEGRA_(26394567059).jpg

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