Orellana Province - Ecuador

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Orellana Province - Ecuador

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Orellana Province

Province of the North Central Region of Ecuador, the capital of the province is El Coca better known as «Coca». It is one of the newest provinces in the country, province 22, as it was created in 1998 when it was separated from Napo. Initially its name was to be province of Amazonas but before a potential claim from Peru it was decided to call it Orellana. The population is 136,396 inhabitants; Its native inhabitants belong mainly to the Waorani, Schuar and Kichwa nationalities.

The ecological province of Ecuador is the youngest in the country. Among its riches is oil and wood, it also has a lush jungle, enchanting landscapes, exclusive flora and fauna known throughout the world. Its native inhabitants belong mainly to the Huaorani, Schuar and Quichua nationalities. The province has an area of ​​20,733 km², which in terms of extension is similar to that of El Salvador. Among its main attractions can be mentioned the Yasuni National Park, declared by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve, the Sumaco volcano surrounded by an extensive biodiversity and a natural viewpoint of the Amazonian plateau. Coca is a tourist center, where you can find the Cathedral of Our Lady of Carmen, the Taracea Lagoon, the Samana Huasi tourist complex, the Cicame museum, the Mushu Yura botanical garden, Pañacocha and the Napo River are part of its attractions .

The Province of Orellana is also the only Amazon province that has no borders with a province of the Ecuadorian highlands. The Napo river basin is one of the most important in the Amazon region and the country; numerous indigenous communities are settled on its banks, its two main tributaries: Coca, in the foothills of the Eastern Cordillera; and the Aguarico river in the Amazon jungle. These tributaries would become the main water system of the Province.

Hydrography Orellana Province

The most important rivers that bathe this province are the Payamino, Napo, Tiputini, Yasuní, Coca, Nashiño, Rumiyacu, Pinoloyacu. They all feed the Napo that advances to the Atlantic. There are beautiful lagoons like those of Añangucocha, Zancudococha, Jatuncocha, etc.

Climate Orellana Province

The climate is warm humid, the temperature varies between 20 ° and 40 ° C. due to its altitude (254 m.). The humid tropical prevails, with persistent rains that cause intense evaporation and consequently high temperatures of an average of 25 degrees Celsius.

Flora Province of Orellana

The investigations on flora are equally scarce, however, species of this type of habitat are present: the characteristic guarumos, the raft tree, the blood of dragon with medicinal properties, the tasty palm and the tagua used to make crafts; All these species are taken advantage of in the daily work by the communities settled mainly in the area of ​​influence of the Park.

Fauna Province of Orellana

We can mention the following: dantas, jaguars, tigrillos, otters and spectacled bear; Birds such as multicolored toucans, tangaras, hummingbirds and an infinite number of reptile amphibians. In summary there are about 654 species of birds and 470 of fish.

Natural resources Orellana Province

The most important natural resources in the province is oil exploitation, wood.

Orography Province of Orellana

It has a special geographical configuration, it extends from the eastern foothills of the mountain range where the Cerro Negro and the Sumaco volcano are located to the vast Amazonian plain occupied by the valleys that enclose the Coca and Napo rivers.

Economic Development Orellana Province

Prorellaia de Orellana Industries

Industrial development is almost nil, but its momentum is expected in the coming years with the planned integration between the provinces of the region. The exploitation of oil sources continues.

Orellana Provisional Commerce

There is active exchange of agricultural products and crafts with neighboring cities and towns; Settlers and street and informal vendors also boost commercial activity.

Protected areas Orellana Province

Among the protected areas within the territory of the province of Orellana is the Yasuni National Park, the lower part of the Cayambeño Wildlife Production Reserve, the Sumaca Napo Galeras National Park, the Sub-Account Protective Forest of the Paca Yacu River, the Soot Protective Forest -Loreto-Coca, the Protective Forest San Carlos Scientific Station, the Paya Mino, and the Flanders Forest Heritage located east of the Galeras mountain range.

Customs Orellana Province

The celebration in commemoration of the Virgen del Carmen is one of the most important celebrations in the province of Orellana, held every April 30.

The Kichwas peoples perform many rituals and ceremonies to remember their deceased. In the current Ecuadorian territory the ancient customs carried out by the aborigines have lost strength but they refuse to be completely extinguished. These customs are based on rites, prayers and offerings placed in honor of the deceased, celebrated even in several indigenous peoples.

The Kichwas people do everything possible so that their customs are not discontinued, the day of the dead begins with the cleaning of the graves, gathering all their relatives in their bosom and the next morning they are on their way to the graves of their loved ones. This ceremony begins with prayers, claiming for the soul of their dead, crying, feeling it as they were being buried at that time.

In this ceremony, women have to cry louder than men, in this tour they tell the story of the loved one who left them, describing everything as they were in their life period, such as describing in detail their profession and their great virtues such as hunting or dance. Although many customs are becoming extinct, as well as bring the cultivation of fruits that were the favorite of the dead to offer them

Orellana Province Clothing

The typical costumes that are worn by the indigenous inhabitants are divided into several styles. One of those is the "Pacha" which is known as a not very complicated one-piece dress, with a knot at shoulder height, made with different fabrics with dark bluish tones. In addition this garment is adorned with a belt, bracelets, necklaces made with fiber, feathers and seeds.

They are also characterized by making seed suits, which is referred to as a fancy dress for festivities and important activities, consisting of 2 garments. It consists of a skirt and a bra that is commonly made by very similar seeds, which are commonly designed in different ways and can be made with matte barks. This clothing can wear decorations such as necklaces, bracelets and crowns that were made by seeds and colorful feathers.

The clothing made with seeds is called in different ways according to its color. Anamora is characterized by its red and black colors; The San Pedro is represented by the colors white and lead; El Camito Muyo is of a range of light and dark brown colors; The large and small Achira is black; The Shiguango Muyo is also black

The Matiri Muyo is made of small pieces of bamboo or guadua; Bulanti is made with black seeds and large proportions, which are known as deer eye; Chambira and Pita are manufactured with fibers that are used for fabrics; Mate is a fruit that is exploited to make with its bark, suits tailored to people, also called pilche by the Kichwas; The Toquilla Straw suit is a suit that is composed of a loincloth tied with fiber ropes, commonly worn by both men and women.

The Kichwa ethnic group nowadays has a typical dress that has been modified several times to be able to keep it from generation to generation and protect it from being forgotten. (See article: Ethnic groups of Ecuador)

Finally, the Llanchama is also used in this area, which is defined as a suit composed of the bark of the Llanchama tree, which was traditionally used by the ancient Kichwa. Currently, the Llanchama tree is in danger of extinction, so it is very difficult to see it.

Gastronomy Orellana Province

Throughout the territory of the province of Orellana there is a large number of typical foods, of which they have endured over time for hundreds of years without becoming extinct, without changing the preparation of their dishes through the natural harvest.

Fish Maito

Among its most characteristic dishes is the fish maito that consists of a fish with marinade and salt, in addition a garlic and pepper pisca is added, rolled and tied between the banana leaves. The mooring that is made to the fish is put on a grill and then served with cassava, banana and salad.

Yucca Chicha

One of the most consumed beverages in this territory is the yucca girl that is made with cassava pulp and is native to indigenous peoples.

Chontacuro

Another famous food in this region is chontacuro which is very rich in protein and is considered a delight for the local population. It is also known for the benefits it gives to the healing of the stomach and can be served in various ways, such as fried, grilled or mayto.

Tourist Places of the Province of Orellana

Among its main attractions we can mention the Yasuni National Park, declared by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve, the Sumaco volcano surrounded by an extensive biodiversity and a natural viewpoint of the Amazonian plateau. Coca is a tourist center, where you can find the Cathedral of Our Lady of Carmen, the Taracoa Lagoon, the Samana Huasi tourist complex, the Cicame museum, the Mushu Yura botanical garden, Pañacocha and the Napo River are part of its attractions .

Orellana is a province with roads in excellent condition. There it is possible to visit calm and clean towns like Loreto and the Jewel of the Sachas. In the latter there is a group of waterfalls and lagoons worth knowing. Nearby there is the island of Pompeii.

Loreto also has places for recreation and rest, it is considered an ecological canton. It is located near the Napo Galeras National Park. In Aguarico there is the possibility of visiting shamans, who with their wisdom in the management of different plants for medicinal purposes have turned this canton into a true "natural pharmacy"

Yasuni National Park Orellana Province

Yasuni National Park is a national park that extends over an area of ​​9820 square kilometers in the provinces of Pastaza, and Orellana between the Napo River and the Curaray River in the middle of the Amazon basin about 250 kilometers southeast of Quito. The park, essentially jungle, was designated by UNESCO in 1989 as a biosphere reserve and is part of the territory where the Huaorani people are located, of which two factions, the tagaeri and taromenane, are uncontacted groups.

The park is located in areas of the sub-basins of the Tiputini, Yasuní, Nashiño, Cononaco and Curaray rivers, tributaries of the Napo River, which at the same time flows into the Amazon. The Park is shaped like a horseshoe and comprises from the southern part of the Napo River and north of the Curaray River, extending along the middle basin of the Tivacuno River.6 According to a recent study7 the Yasuní National Park and the underlying expanded area are considered more biodiverse of the planet for its richness in amphibians, birds, mammals and plants. The studies speak of 150 species of amphibians, 121 of reptiles, 598 species of birds, between 169 (confirmed) and 204 (estimated) of mammals, and in flora 2113 species have been identified and it is estimated that there would be around 3100.7

The Ecuadorian Amazon area is rich in oil fields and the oil industry is the pillar on which the economy of the Ecuadorian State has been sustained since the 1970s. Given this, in 1998 the government of Jamil Mahuad declared the southern zone of PNY intangible zone, to protect the uncontacted peoples and preserve the biosphere reserve away from the oil fields. Since 2007, around the PNY, a proposal called the ITT Initiative has been formulated to keep the oil underground by applying a type of international economic compensation, which has not been able to materialize.

Coca Province of Orellana

The main attraction of the place is nature, endowed with high biodiversity, in a variety of ecosystems that extend in an area with a high index of endemic species, considered by environmental scientists as a laboratory for global genetic research. Some of the attractions of the city are:
Waorani family.

The cathedral church: It was built by the Capuchin priests, approximately 35 years ago, so its architecture is contemporary. Among the most valuable objects of the church are the personal objects of Sister Inés Arango, a missionary who tried to evangelize the Waoranis. These objects are stored in what was your room, just as she left before leaving. The patron saint of the cathedral is the "Virgen del Carmen" and the party in her honor is held every July 16.

The Archaeological Museum and Cultural Center of Orellana: It was recently opened, and currently shows the archaeological exhibition: "Faces of the Moon". The exhibition shows the ceramics found on the banks of the Napo River. The MACCO is located in the streets Chimborazo and Quito.

Source:
https://hablemosdeculturas.com/provincia-de-orellana/
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orellana_Provincia

Images.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Puerto_Francisco_de_Orellana_05.jpg

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Ecuador and its unique charms.

4 worlds in one place, so you can enjoy them to the fullest...!

Ecuador country of 4 worlds, in one place...!
#AllYouNeedIsEcuador

Ecuador, officially called the Republic of Ecuador, is a sovereign country located in the northwestern region of South America. Bordered on the North by Colombia, Northwest with Peru, to the South and to the East with the Peru. The Pacific Ocean bathes the western coast, and separates it from the Galapagos Islands located thousand kilometers to the West.

Soo close Quito the capital of the Andes, stands the Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the world. It is currently one of the most traditional and culturally better preserved on the planet, it has 5 nominations for the Cultural heritage of humankind, two natural heritage of humanity and over 20 candidates for other commemorations of the Unesco .

History of the Ecuador

The first human settlements in Ecuadorian territory date back to 12 000 to.C., subsequently developed several pre-Columbian peoples. After the definitive independence from Spanish rule, part of the territory joined quickly the Gran Colombia, while the coastal territory remained independent until the annexation by manu militari by Simón Bolívar. In 1830 the Colombian territories of the South seceded and created the Ecuadorian nation.In 1979, the country returned to democratic system, although political instability between 1996 to 2006 led the country into an economic, political and social crisis, resulting in the dollarization of its economy and toppled three Presidents before the end of its mandate.

The Ecuador culture

Rag dolls representing the indigenous culture of Ecuador is a multi-ethnic and multicultural nation.It should consider the ethnic and regional diversity of Ecuador to analyze their culture. Ethnically it is marked by the presence of mestizos and indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian, white; as well as regions such as the coast, the sierra, the East and the insular region, all of them with very rich specificities.

The Ecuador climate

The country has a tropical and humid climate, the air quality is very good by the presence of large natural forests, national parks, and the Amazon rainforest.

Geography of the Ecuador

Ecuador is located on the terrestrial Equator by which its territory is located in both hemispheres.The country has an area of 283,561 square kilometers. It is divided into four natural regions (La Costa, Sierra, the Amazon and the Insular region or Galapagos), in turn is divided administratively into 24 provinces.
In the Pacific coast are the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabi, Los Rios, Guayas, Santa Elena and El Oro.In the Andes, in the North and central are Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua and Chimborazo, in the South are Bolivar, Cañar, Azuay and Loja.In the Amazon, on the other hand are succumbing, Napo, Pastaza, Orellana, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe and in the island, the Galapagos Islands, made up of 13 main islands region.

The Ecuador economy

Ecuador is a major exporter of bananas (first place worldwide in its production and export), flowers, and the eighth World producer of cocoa.Petroleum accounts for 40% of exports and contributes to maintaining a positive trade balance.

Festivals in the Ecuador

  • Easter, many of the provinces celebrated on this date, with regional events.
  • November 2, the Difuntos.
  • 25 of December day, they celebrate Christmas, sharing in family.
  • 331 December, farewell of the year.

Regions natural of the Ecuador

Amazon rainforest, Andes mountains, Costa and the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador national parks

Parque Nacional Yasuní, Cotopaxi, Sangay National Park, National Park Podocarpus, El Cajas National Park, National Park Machalilla National Park.

Languages spoken in Ecuador

Ecuador speaks the Spanish throughout the territory, also Quechua indigenous populations of the Sierra and the Amazon, but as it is a country with a tourist infrastructure in development, can be guides in several languages; It is possible to speak in English at the points of attention to tourists called "iTur"; created by the Ministry of tourism also in airports, Bus Terminal, municipalities and others find information points.

Shopping in Ecuador

We recommend going to the handicrafts market of Otavalo, located about 2 hours (120 km) of Quito city, there you can get variety of souvenirs and handicrafts that are found in the rest of the Andean region.And don't forget Cotacachi, a town with cute works in leather of high quality.
In the city of Cuenca also can be purchased pottery, textiles, jewelry, crafts in toquilla straw, wrought iron, etc.

Food typical of the Ecuador

Ecuador has a variety of typical food, in each of the natural regions, such as Costa, Sierra and East have their own typical food, in the East can eat a Chontacuro (worms grilled on skewer), in the Sierra you can eat a delicious "fry pork", a hornado, llapingachos, the Guinea pig, the classic "sing" in Cuenca, and a fish coconut coast, prieta salt, green bolon or ceviche de concha and many more dishes.In Manabi most importantly the food is tanning with lemon and fresh fish.

  • Pope locro, is a stew with squash, beans, corn or potatoes.
  • Roast Cuy or Guinea.
  • Cebiche or ceviche, this dish is very consumed in the coastal area.
  • Encebollado, is a stew of fish containing Yucca and pickled red onions.
  • Cuy or Guinea pig, is usually roasted.
  • Bolón de pescado
  • Bolón, is based green bananas broiled or fried previously.
  • Fritada is another delicious dish of Ecuador.Not be left confused by the name, is not a dish of fried meat.The meat of pig or pork is cooked in plenty of water and orange juice with cumin, garlic, onion, salt and pepper until the water has been consumed to be completed. Then the meat begins to Brown in its own fat. Also is it accompanied by mote (boiled maize).

Drinks and fun in Ecuador

There are many clubs and bars in constant renewal in the country.

  • A reference point for nightlife is Montañita where Sun, surf, beach and joy.
  • In Guayaquil, there are bars and clubs for all tastes.
  • In Quito, the area of fun, dancing, alcohol is known as the Mariscal. Current law restricts the opening of bars and nightclubs on holidays; the days Friday and Saturday until 2:00 am, on Sunday the sale of alcoholic beverages is limited.

Lodging in Ecuador

Ecuador has a good hotel infrastructure for all kinds of tourists, from Hostels up to Super exclusive luxury hotels such as the Hilton Hotel Oro Verde, Sheraton, Wyndham, Unipark, among others. All this is thanks to the good tourist development that has had the country in recent years.
If you need more information about where to stay, we recommend you to enter this link: Lodging in Ecuador and review the tourism infrastructure that exists in all of the Ecuador.

Tourism in Ecuador

Ecuador lies within the countries more diverse in its ecosystem and for this reason National Geographic categorized it within the top 10 tourist destinations in adventure.

Cultural in Ecuador tourist attractions

Historic center of Quito, Mitad del Mundo, Ingapirca ruins, historic centre of Cuenca, Latacunga, and much more.Come and visit Ecuador!

Natural tourist attractions in Ecuador

Galapagos Islands, National Park Yasuní, National Park El Cajas National Park Sangay, Parque nacional Podocarpus, Vilcabamba, bathrooms.
Glaciers and volcanoes: Antisana, Cayambe, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo Illinizas.El is the volcano and highest mountain of Ecuador, is the farthest from the center of the Earth, and «the point closest to the Sun». Its last known eruption is believed that you occurred around the 550 dC.
Beaches: Crucita, Atacames, Bahía de Caráquez, Esmeraldas, Manta, Salinas, Montañita

Caverns of the Anzu River in Mera Pastaza

The Anzu River Caverns are one of the most emblematic places that the city of Mera has in the Pastaza Province

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Galapagos Islands

Extraordinary flora and fauna, a place you must visit...!

Galapagos Islands are worldwide known for their wide biodiversity and for being the point from where Charles Darwin developed the theory of evolution.We present you 5 facts that perhaps you didn't know about the Enchanted Islands.

The term "Enchanted islands" first appeared on a map in 1589.Sailors nicknamed thus to the Galapagos Islands, by referring to these "appeared and disappeared", since due to the sea currents strong, access to the Islands was limited at certain times of the year. The nickname transcended over the years and today is still saying that the Islands are "delighted", but referring now to the great biodiversity of flora and fauna.

The Galapagos marine iguana, is the only species of reptile in the world that has managed to adapt to life under water.

The Islands are named for the giant tortoises that live there (the Galapagos word meaning turtle). This species can reach up to 16 hours a day to sleep and mainly feeds on cacti that grow there.

In keeping with the turtles, originally there were 15 species of giant tortoises in the Galapagos, unfortunately 5 of them are completely extinct, so there are only 10. The main threat of the turtles is the human being, who for years has been dedicated to hunting them for their meat and oil.

The Galapagos Islands were part of the second world war! During this war, the Government of Ecuador allowed the United States Government build a runway with strategic aims in the Islands.When the war ended, the Americans abandoned the place. That track currently serves as the main airport of the Islands, which welcomes the year thousands of passengers.