Pichincha Province - Ecuador
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Pichincha Province - Ecuador
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It is the destiny that unites the world, it is one of the 24 provinces that make up the Republic of Ecuador. Its administrative capital is the city of Quito, which is also its most populated city and the capital of the country. It is also the main commercial center of the country.
It is a province that gives you the opportunity to live an adventure full of traditions and artistic treasures, here is the imaginary line that divides the planet into two hemispheres, the options multiply if you talk about fun, high-risk sports and nature. Mountains and valleys with landscapes that mix a little of all areas of Ecuador, the exuberance of the vegetation, the humidity of its fertile plains, the placid placid placidness of the moorland, is gathered in a single place Pichincha, where you can enjoy places tourist and ecological, beautiful landscapes, you will know the festivals and popular traditions, where you live the extreme sports that are practiced in our nature and discover the excitement of living in this land.
Hydrography Pichincha Province
The most important rivers, with very used flows in the agricultural works are: Guayllabamba, San Pedro, Pita, Pisque, Blanco, all of the Pacific Basin.
Flora Province of Pichincha
It is characterized by the diversity of species observed, many of them are used by their inhabitants for medicinal purposes. The most outstanding feature of the province is the presence of a wide variety of orchids, whose shapes and colors defy the imagination of the visitor.
Fauna Province of Pichincha
As for the fauna we can observe species such as: foxes or opossums, raposas, mountain rabbits, quilicos, condor, mountain gulls, curiquingue, legles, vultures, hawks, bandurrias, torronteros ducks, owls and hummingbird. Among the mammals there are spectacled bears, deer, dwarf deer, moor wolves, pumas, rabbits, bats and chucuris.
Climate Pichincha Province
The climate is variable due to the height, from the tropical to the glacial, due to the presence of the Andes mountain range and the presence of the biogeographic Chocó to the northwest, the province is climatologically fragmented in various sectors. In addition, because of its tropical location, each climatic zone has only two defined seasons: wet and dry. In the northwest, the temperature ranges between 25 ° C and 15 ° C, while in the Andean zone, it is usually between 10 ° C and -3 ° C.
Pichincha Province Demography
Most of the population of the province is concentrated in its capital, Quito. More than 2,240,000 inhabitants. The population has a fast growth, especially the urban one, due to the important internal migratory currents, of different zones (mostly rural) of Ecuador, that migrate towards the capital. Of the 2,798,842 inhabitants of the province of Pichincha, about 2,415,243 live in the Quito-Sangolquí Conurbation, which represents 90% of the entire Pichinchana population. It is estimated that by 2020 the urban population of Quito would be almost 3 million inhabitants if it continues to grow at the current rate.
Orography Pichincha Province
The province of Pichincha is located in the pit of Guayllabamba or Quito. The part of the Andes is crossed by the equator, which divides the Earth into two hemispheres, North and South.
The Eastern and Western mountain ranges are linked to each other by the knots of Mojanda-Cajas, to the North, and Tiopullo, to the South.
In the western mountain range, the Pululagua volcano (3,356 m), the Ya-naúrco (4,538) and the Casitagua are 3,515 meters high. One of the highest is the Guagua Pichincha (4,675 m), located west of the Rucu (4,324 m). Further south is the Atacazo (4,463 m); To the West is the Heart (4,788 m). In the Eastern or Royal mountain range, Sincholagua is located to the north with 4,893 m, to the east the snow-covered Antisana with 5,758 m. The moors of Guamaní continue to the North until reaching the Filocorrales (4,447 m) and the Aucuquiro or Puntas, 4,452 meters high. The mountain range ends in the Quito hole with the Cayambeúrco, better known as Cayambe, a 5,790 m snowfall, which is the Northeast column of the hole
Economic development Pichincha Province
The economy of Pichincha is centered in Quito because in the city the majority of the population lives, the city is the political center of the province, it houses the main governmental, cultural and commercial organisms of the country, along with Guayaquil. The rural economy focuses on agriculture. La Carolina, one of the main economic centers of Quito. Quito is the second city that contributes most to the National GDP after Guayaquil, and the second with the highest income per capita after Cuenca. Quito is the one with the highest level of tax collection in Ecuador for levies according to the Internal Revenue Service (SRI), exceeding the national 57% as of 2009, 25 being currently the most important economic region of the country, 26 According to the latest "study" conducted by the Central Bank of Ecuador, in 2006, the contribution was 18.6% to GDP, generating 4106 million dollars, however its adjudication value allows this GDP to be even higher reaching to be acquired in real terms 27% 27 of the country's GDP thanks to the contributions of oil and property production.28 Updated: in 2009 the GDP of Quito was approximately US $ 10650 million for production (19% contribution), 4112 million dollars for award (8% award) and 14762 million for total GDP (27% from 8% awarded, 19% produced).
Agriculture Pichincha Province
The rural area of Pichincha has large agricultural extensions, and these products are mainly used for national consumption. The main crops of the highlands are: wheat, barley, corn, potatoes, oats, tomatoes and onions; while in the north-west it is cultivated: banana, sugar cane, African palm, coffee, cocoa, palm, etc.
Livestock Province of Pichincha
After agriculture, it is one of the main activities of the rural sector, the majority of cattle are: cattle, pigs, horses, sheep and goats.
Commerce Pichincha Province
Industrial activity is the most representative nationwide. Important factories of yesterday and today, are a fundamental contribution to the socio-economic development of the country. Most agribusinesses are aimed at food and liquor production. The automotive sector has installed modern plants located in the cities of Quito and Santo Domingo de los Colorados and in places very close to them.
The offer is varied and usually depends on the place we visit in the province, the typical food of Pichincha presents the following most representative dishes of the province:
- Dry goat (Quito)
- Yahuarlocro (Quito)
- Chili pepper (Quito)
- Empanadas de Viento (Quito)
- Leg broth (the whole province)
- Lamb roast (Cayambe)
- Biscuits (Cayambe)
- Colada de Churos (Middle of the World)
- Roast beef (Canton Mejía)
- Fry (Pedro Vicente Maldonado)
- Ají de Cuy (Pedro Vicente Maldonado)
- Baking (Rumiñahui Canton)
- Coy Colada (Pedro Moncayo)
- Broth of Galllina Criolla (San Miguel de los Bancos)
- Tilapia (Canton Puerto Quito)
Tourist Places Pichincha Province
La Ronda, historic center of the city of Quito
La Ronda is located in the historic center of the city of Quito, and turns out to be the oldest and best preserved street in the center of the city, which at the same time constitutes "Cultural Heritage of Humanity". La Ronda is located south of the Plaza Grande, and the main artery is Juan de Dios Morales Street.
The origins of this popular place in Quito date from the pre-Hispanic period, on a well-marked path when the Incas arrived for the first time in the current city of Quito. In the beginning this road was heading towards the main tributary of the "Chorrera" of the Pichincha, which reached the ancient inhabitants of the city. It is at the end of the 19th century that the Round becomes the entry point for travelers arriving in the city where the built houses represented taverns that catered to newcomers. On the other hand, in this traditional neighborhood lived famous people of Ecuadorian history, such as musicians, poets, painters, artisans, sculptors and other personalities that are now part of the national cultural heritage.
The Round shows an architecture that covers several centuries and in 2006 the municipality of Quito began a whole process of rehabilitation of this site. La Ronda currently has 36 houses, of which five houses are from the 17th century, seven houses from the 18th century, six houses from the 19th century and one house from the 20th century. This place, being identified as a cultural area with a wide historical trajectory, has incorporated several restaurants, cafes, bars, showrooms, fountains and exhibition halls.
Quito cable car
The Cable Car of Quito was baptized in 2005 with the denomination "Telefériqo" and becomes the highest in South America, whose height starts from 2950 meters to reach 4050 meters above sea level, whose cusp is the Cruz Loma , site that is adjacent to the Pichincha volcano. The Cable Car is located at the eastern end of the city of Quito, with a height limit between the north and the center of the city. The entrance to this place is through Arnulfo Araujo Street and Western Avenue, visitors can take a bus along the avenue and once at the entrance you must walk about 15 minutes until you reach the box office. If you go by car there are nearby parking lots.
It is recommended that visitors go to this site in the morning and very early hours, since the lines are long, especially on weekends. In this place there is an amusement park, the “Vulqano Park”, where admission is free and the games are paid with a rechargeable card that is for sale in the ticket offices of the park. This represents the only fixed amusement park in the city.
With the exception of this park, the rest of the Cable Car is pure wasteland, which is the main attraction of this place. In this regard it should be noted that the Pichincha volcano moor offers visitors a spectacular view of the entire city. In the event that the weather is favorable, the visitor will be able to observe some of the main elevations of the Andes mountain range in Ecuador, for example the Cayambe, the Antisana, the Cotopaxi, the Pasochoa, the Rumiñahui, among others.
Basilica of the National Vote Pichincha Province
The Basilica of the National Vote is a religious building, which represents a neo-Gothic style in its architecture and is located in the historic center of the city of Quito. Due to its dimensions, it has been considered the largest neo-Gothic temple in America. The area covered by the Basilica is 140 meters long and 35 meters wide, 30 meters high in its central nave; 15 meters high in the 24 votive chapels that integrate it; 74 meters of cruise; In the case of the two front towers, each one has a height of 115 meters and has 7 access doors.
As part of the group of attractions that the Basilica presents, the Condor Tower stands out, whose name is due to the fact that its height is equal to the minimum reached by the condor on its flight, and to reach this tower it is necessary to transit through a species of suspension bridge that directs the visitor towards a steep and narrow staircase, in this place is the highest viewpoint of the Basilica. Another attraction to highlight would be the Clock and the Bell Tower, as its name indicates there is the clock machine that currently still works accurately and gives the four bells, the entire tower is connected with long spiral-shaped stairs that offer the possibility to the visitor to reach the cross of the church.
Seven Crosses Street, Quito city Pichincha Province
The Calle de la Siete Cruces is popularly known as García Moreno Street, in the historic center of the city of Quito. In this street is the Presidential Palace or also called Carondelet Palace; the house of Manuela Sáenz who was a key figure in the independence of South America and sentimental partner of Simón Bolívar. This street has a particular attraction, which comes to express the faith of the colonial era, where a total of seven churches are positioned on this road or route, where at the end of the colonial period it was used to transport merchandise and is now a site tourist.
This route goes through the entire colonial historical center of the city in a north-south direction, where the neighborhoods of San Juan and San Roque are connected. In the tour that visitors can take, it has its beginning in the church of Santa Bárbara and then passes through the church of La Concepción, which functioned as the first monastery in the city.
In the case of the third and fourth cross they are identified with the cathedral temple and the church of the Tabernacle. The fifth cross is half a block away and she indicates to the majestic church of the Society of Jesus that it has a baroque style and the exterior cover is completely covered by carved volcanic stone, while the interior is completely covered by carved gold sheets. This fifth cross is the largest of all, in this regard it has been claimed that the Jesuit order had a larger budget for its construction. Finally, the sixth and seventh cross identify the monastery of Carmen Alto and the Chapel of San Lázaro.
Cayambe-Coca National Park Pichincha Province
If its name is analyzed, it could be said that the Cayambe - Coca National Park is intended for the protection of the Cayambe snow volcano and the sources of the Coca River, but the reality is that it represents the national water park. In this site there is water everywhere, say in the environment by the presence of a constant mist and the respective rainfall, in the vegetation and the litter of the soil, in the wetlands and in the lagoons that are located in the upper part of the park , in addition to the rivers that form falls and waterfalls.
In the upper area of this park visitors can enjoy the springs of thermal and mineral waters, such is the case of the Papallacta and Oyacachi hot springs. In this region are the springs of the rivers Dué, Chingual, Cofanes and Cabeno, all of these come to feed the Aguarico river that together with the Coca river deliver waters to the great Napo river. On the other hand, towards the western foothills of this ecological park there are hundreds of watersheds that feed the Mira and Esmeraldas rivers, where the mouth of the Pacific Ocean.
This park has an area of 404,103 hectares and an altitude range between 600 and 5790 meters. Some of the main attractions of this park are the Cayambe volcano with 5790 meters high, which represents the highest point where the equinoctial line passes in Ecuador and one of the mountains preferred by the climbers, this land has great beauty united to the presence of lagoons of ice formations and in the fauna the condor stands out that could be seen on the way to the top of this volcano.
Another attraction is the San Rafael Waterfall, a magical place where visitors can appreciate all the beauty and strength of the natural environment; This waterfall is formed by a 160-meter drop of the Alto Coca River, which at the same time arises from the confluence of the Quijo and Salado rivers, represents the largest waterfall in Ecuador. As another option would be the hot springs, within which those located in the community of Oyacachi and in the area of Papallacta stand as the best known. These thermal waters reach temperatures of up to 60 ° C, due to the volcanic activity of the Antisana and the Reventador, in addition to having minerals with healing properties.
In this sense, the Reventador volcano positioned at 3485 meters, which is one of the most active volcanoes in the Andean mountain range in the eastern area, also represents an attraction; This volcano is known for its violent and sudden eruptions where a large amount of ash, lava and incandescent stones are emitted. In the skirts of this volcano you can perceive ashes of its last eruption, on which the vegetation grows little by little.
Hacienda Guachalá House Pichincha Province
The Guachalá Hacienda is known for representing the oldest hacienda that Ecuador possesses, in the same way it is endowed with a marked historical importance that was consolidated in the mid-twentieth century. The oldest buildings around this hacienda date from 1580 and in full splendor it reached more than 12,000 hectares of land. In this hacienda, illustrious characters have been lodged. An example of this would be the members of the French Geodetic Mission; Neptalí Bonifaz who was the first president of the Central Bank of Ecuador and Cristóbal Bonifaz, founding member of the Charles Darwin Research Station in the Galapagos Islands. On the other hand, this hacienda was also a presidential house during the period of Gabriel García Moreno. Nowadays it works as an inn and it is also a historical site open to the public.
In this hacienda you can accommodate and host groups of travelers, as well as mountaineers who can spend several days in the area while ascending the Cayambe. This hacienda is currently made up of several elements, one of them is the Old Chapel that was built in 1580 on an ancient Inca temple. Visitors will appreciate on one of the walls of this chapel an ancient mural dating from the year 1757 where a scene from heaven and hell is depicted.
Visitors can also tour the New Church that was built between 1935 and 1938 by Neptalí Bonifaz. In this church there are some pre-Columbian pieces belonging to the Inca culture that constitute an exhibition exhibition from which visitors can enjoy, in addition to some documents of the farm itself that give samples of its extensive history. The farm also operates a school that is run by the owners and represents the only preschool in the region.
Archaeological Complex of Puntiatzil Province of Pichincha
This area of great historical, heritage and cultural value represents an architectural complex where archaeological evidence is stored, in addition to that area was used as an astronomical observatory by the natives of that region of Cayambe, vestiges of an ancient temple or pyramid as evidenced. However, the arrival of the Spanish conquerors tied the territory to private hands and several vestiges of this ancestral culture were lost. It is in the early 1990s that the natives of this area regained strength in this area and ancestral celebrations were resumed as the solstice ceremony, and subsequently 3.6 hectares of territory were declared as “cultural heritage”.
In the place visitors will appreciate archaeological pieces that belonged to the Cara and Panzaleo cultures between 100 and 1534 AD, these pieces are original but their finding was not from the realization of archaeological and scientific excavations, but is simply a consequence of A chance finding. Within the set of archaeological pieces there are some of metal like bells, and of example axes, supports neck, among others.
The House of the Deer Province of Pichincha
The Casa del Venado represents another of the tourist attractions offered by the Canton of Cayambe. In the place there are numbers of deer types of all sizes, in addition visitors will also appreciate other animals typical of this area such as cattle, alpacas and birds.
This site is located in Cayambe, in Cangahua Parish, in the community of San Luis de Guachalá, 70 km from the city of Quito. Visitors have the possibility to interact with the deer and other animals of the place, for example, they can feed them, in addition to enjoying the beauties of the environment and taking a tour to learn about the way of life of these animals. In principle, as an objective of the creation of this place, the protection of this animal species stands out and to contribute to its repopulation.
Blue Waterfall Pichincha Province
The Blue Waterfall represents a natural setting endowed with great beauty, has an almost paradisiacal landscape and is made up of the Negrito River, where it has a height of 25 meters and 5 meters wide. This waterfall starts a natural pool whose cause is quiet and the environment is very well preserved. This site is visited by both national and foreign tourists, who will appreciate many contrasts, counterpoints and natural whims offered by this place.
The waterfall is located on the Calacali - La Independencia road at km 124, 10 minutes from Pedro Vicente Maldonado Canton and approximately two hours from the city of Quito. The climate on this site is humid with an average temperature of 24 ° C. Regarding the flora of the place, several species of plants can be observed in secondary forests, for example, pambiles, platanillo, guarumos, guadua cane, among others.
Hidden Route Pichincha Province
The “Hidden Route” is a tourist proposal that invites you to know some places with a marked attraction in the Pichincha province. Sites such as Puéllaro, Perucho, Chavezpamba, Atahualpa and San José de Minas make up this route, which represents rural areas located approximately 60 km from the city of Quito. The tour offers the adventurers kindness, good gastronomy, beautiful landscapes and sites full of religiosity.
The first place on this tour would be Puéllaro, a town that houses churches such as San Pedro, which was built in 1820, an imposing building built with the hands of the inhabitants of this rural parish. In this parish, tourists will appreciate the natural landscapes, and its gastronomic variety that invite you to taste their best dishes such as roasted guinea pig, yahuarlocro, Creole chicken broth, custard apple milkshake, just to name a few. This site also stands out for the high fruit production it has, together with its artistic traditions such as dances where the culture that characterizes the town is highlighted.
This parish is surrounded by a dry forest, whose main characteristic is the inter-Andean landscape that it offers. Visitors can also enjoy typical local festivities that represent an excellent attraction.
Another place to visit that is part of the Hidden Route is the Parish of San Miguel de Perucho, where one of its tracts is the church of that town where beautiful religious sculptures are found. This place is characterized by having a high livestock production, in addition to producing a delicious tangerine wine very typical of that locality.
As the third site offered by the Hidden Route, the Atahualpa parish stands out, which is known for its beautiful landscapes, among which an impressive waterfall stands out. It also has native forests, relevant scenic landscapes and an attractive cultural heritage. The cemetery of this parish is an imitation of the Tulcán cemetery and the church located in this place resembles the Sanctuary of Quinche. The climate in this locality varies, say, subtropical, temperate and cold. Regarding this area, it can be noted that it belonged to the Caranqui culture, from which you can still see traces of example artificial earth mounds that show a kind of funerary system.
The last place on the route offered by the Hidden Route to tourists is the parish of San José de Minas, whose town is known for the warmth of its inhabitants. Among the set of attractions offered by this place are the waterfalls of Chirisaca, the hot springs of Calera, Mount Ninaburg, the spa of Asilla, among other sites. You can also appreciate a varied vegetation for visitors. In this parish the Morochillo de Oro was created, where you can enjoy the national songs, for example corridors, albazos, among others.
Defense Museum “Casa de Sucre” Pichincha Province
The “Casa de Sucre” Defense Museum is a space that aims to show the different ways in which the Quito society was set up at the dawn of the historical period called Enlightenment, between the 18th and 19th centuries, in addition to revealing those social, political and economic relations, which marked the process of independence and the attachment of the Royal Audience of Quito to the Bolivarian project. During the tour, the spectator will be able to know the customs of the colonial era, as well as the history of the people who inhabited the property.
The exhibition samples cover three themes: Museum of the Site where historical information about the property and its areas is contemplated; Mariana Carcelén and Antonio José de Sucre; and finally Sucre and Bolívar towards an ideal of independence.
Tatalá Province Waterfall
The Tatalá Waterfall has about 100 meters of characteristic height that makes it imposing and generates a loud sound. It has a very thick vegetation, and both the flora and fauna are originals of this site. This beautiful place is located in the canton Pedro Vicente Maldonado, where in that town they offer very tasty typical dishes such as fried tilapia, and ceviche.
Regarding the biodiversity that exists in this area visitors will appreciate some species of animals such as swallows, butterflies, herons, toucans, among others. Within the varied vegetation that exists on this site, flowers such as bromeliads, anturias, orchids, and other species stand out.
Mindo province of Pichincha
Mindo is a region in northern Ecuador and one of the two parishes of the San Miguel de Los Bancos canton in the province of Pichincha, about 80 km northwest of Quito.
The parochial head is a small town located to 1250 m of height, the region in total has about 2500 inhabitants that are dedicated to the cattle raising, agriculture, and tourism. The temperature in the area ranges between 15 and 24 ° C throughout the year. Rains are common, but during the months of June - November the weather becomes drier.
Mindo is especially renowned for its natural beauties that summon nature lovers attracted by its exceptional flora and fauna. It is located in a valley, of which some 19,000 hectares are protected in what is called the Mindo Nambillo Protective Forest, an ecosystem in which about 500 varieties of birds and 90 species of butterflies live. Likewise, more than 170 species of orchids have been identified in the Mindo reserve park and bromeliads, heliconias, ferns, vines, mosses and lichens abound.
Sangolquí Pichincha Province
Its inhabitants describe it as a magical and multicolored site, due to a wide range of natural attractions and Andean landscapes. In the surroundings 18 waterfalls along the Pita River stand out, among which La Chorrera, Vilatuña, Cóndor Machay, Rumibosque and Padre Urco stand out; they also attract the hacienda houses, full of history and legends, which still preserve the colonial architectural wealth. Among all, the Chillo Compañía hacienda stands out, considered the ‘Civic Sanctuary of the Homeland’. The inhabitants of Rumiñahui point out that on this site the meetings of the leaders of the Independence were held, who starred in the First Scream of Independence, on August 10, 1809. In the surroundings also highlights its monuments and botanical parks.
Sangolquí is famous, above all, for its rich and varied cuisine, among which baking, the typical Sangolquí dish, famous nationally. Moreover, it is known as the "world capital of baking." Other delicacies of the local gastronomic culture are the broth and dry chicken, the mote with pork rinds, the fry, the roasted guinea pig, ville, morocho, the chicha of corn and often, among others. There are also gourmet food options with La Provence Restaurant, which has been developing a new signature cuisine with inputs from the region.
Archaeological Complex Pambamarca Pichincha Province
On the borders of the Pichincha province there are vestiges of pucaráes, this word kichwa means fortress, fortification, defensive construction of the pre-Columbian era, specifically in the areas of Pambamarca, Guayllabamba and Rumicucho. In the case of the Pambamarca area, this archaeological site consists of a total of 17 fortresses that were built with stones brought from the nearest mountain of the Puntas hill and other materials that were found in the area itself.
Visitors will appreciate and step on a natural setting that has remained unchanged for centuries until it was discovered. This archaeological complex has a great magnitude and is located at a height of 3782 meters Quito Loma and 4075 meters above sea level Pambamarca. In this regard it should be noted that the pucaracunas were supervisors in the process of construction and maintenance of these fortresses, and at the same time were subject to the Inca State. Some archaeologists consider that its construction began in the first conquests of Tupac Yupanqui in 1470 A.D.
It should also be said that these fortresses are located in the southern zone of the deep ravines of the Guayllabamba and Pisque rivers, and are supposed to be used as defensive cliffs or as impassable natural graves. Similarly, all known pucaráes are located in two main Andean mountain ranges; the inter-Andean alley and the outer foothills of both mountain ranges rise and form structural alignments that are close to each other.