In the Sierra region passing from the Cordillera Oriental, in the central pits the active volcano Tungurahua stands out whose cone rises to the south of the deep gap that the Pastaza has broken, following a transverse fault through the Cordillera Real near Baños . Since the day of its most recent eruption, in September 1999, the Tungurahua Volcano has become the most beautiful and impressive tourist attraction in Ecuador, and perhaps, throughout Latin America.

The Tungurahua volcano is known as "mama Tungurahua".

The province of Tungurahua has the name of this colossus, which houses towns like Baños in its skirts, presents a unique spectacle, although it announces to the villagers its greatness and destruction in the case of a strong eruption. It is a sight to see volcano activity at night.

From different cities in the provinces of Ecuador, they move to get to know this tourist place, Many times holidays are provided to be able to make tourism throughout the territory.

Tungurahua Volcano Height

It has 5,016 m.s.n.m, 14 km. in diameter and a crater 183 m wide. The volcano is part of the Sangay National Park.

How to get to Tungurahua Volcano?

There are two routes to access the Tungurahua Volcano.

The first was born in Pondoa, a town near Baños, and in approximately 4 hours of walking leads to the refuge of the volcano, located on its northeastern flanks.

The other access, more difficult than the previous one, starts from Puela (on the Baños-Riobamba road). This road is floatable to the Palitahua sector, where it starts a path that is divided into two: the first leads to the Palitahua hot springs, and the second to the southwestern flanks of the Tungurahua and the Minsas lagoons.

From September 1999 until today, Tungurahua has become the most beautiful and impressive tourist attraction in Ecuador

Tungurahua Volcano Climate

The average annual temperature varies from 14º C to 0.5º C.

Tungurahua Volcano Flora

The flora is represented by species of: Chuquiragua, pad, achupalla, glue, alder, bromeliads, myrtle, pumamaqui, frailejones, mortiños, motilón, orchids, paper tree, chocho and rosemary.

Tungurahua Volcano Fauna

In the sites near the Tungurahua volcano you can see: rabbits, wolves of moor, puma, spectacled bear, cervicabras, frogs, sacha guinea pig, danta, hedgehog, hares and deer.

Within the birds we have swallows, turtledoves, blackbirds, quililicos, chirotes, condors, hummingbirds, silversmiths, tiles, hawks, eagles, among others.

 Photo Tungurahua Volcano in Banos Ecuador

Legend of Mama Tungurahua and Taita Cotopaxi

The indigenous people of Píllaro, as well as the province, believe that "Taita Cotopaxi" is married to "Mama Tungurahua" and that in ancient times there was a dreadful "War of jealousy" between the two volcanoes. "

"The hidden Cotopaxi of the Tungurahua contracted illicit nuptials with the young" Tionilsa "(the lesser Iliniza whose proper name is" Catsungunbi "), as well as the Tungurahua, lived in disrepair with the very high Cillcay (the altar). Iliniza had gone to visit her distant friend. Then the burning Tungurahua in jealousy suddenly attacked the Tionilsa, giving her so many musquetazos until leaving her forever ugly as we see her now; seeing that calamity the "Cotopaxi" redoubled her furores, the Carihuairazo he left a skeleton and Cillcay sank and killed him. "

This legend is in accordance with the tradition told by the Licanriobambeu Indians, of the great volcanic cataclysm that ended with the sinking of Cillcay or altar and lasted many weeks.

Attractions and Characteristics of the Tungurahua Volcano

• Among the characteristics of this colossus we can mention the following: it is easy to climb and with a permanent glacier on its summit. It has a reactivation process every 80 years and today constitutes a unique attraction, this event has not affected our city at all.

• One of the main attractions is to see how the smoke and ash emitted by the Tungurahua, form ethereal figures and at times present incandescent shows on the horizon.

• At the moment ascents are made but for which a specialized guide must be hired.

• Páramos de Mintza: These páramos and lagoons are within the Sangay National Park and are located to the south west of the Tungurahua volcano, in this place there is a complex of lagoons among which the Naranjal and la Negra, which are located one Approximate height of 3-800 meters above sea level, in a minimum of 3 days this circuit can be done from the Runtún hamlet and with a walk along the eastern flank of the Tungurahua volcano.

In this sector, wildlife species such as dantas, deer, spectacled bears, hedgehogs, guantas, eagles, condors, mountain turkeys, hummingbirds, and condors stand out.

 Photo Tungurahua Volcano in Banos Ecuador

Source:

  • https://ec.viajandox.com/banos/volcan-tungurahua-A2635
  • https://trekking-life.com/tungurahua/

Images:

  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Volc%C3%A1n_Tungurahua_Riobamba_-_Ecuador.jpg
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ama_la_Vida_-_Flickr_-_Ciudad_de_Ba%C3%B1os_de_Agua_Santa_al_fondo_volc%C3%A1n_Tungurahua_(8227406306).jpg
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Volcan_Tungurahua2.jpg