It is a canton of the Province of Sucumbíos, Ecuador, its cantonal head is the city of Puerto el Carmen, has a great wealth and varieties of flora and fauna.
The Putumayo Canton, is located at a distance of 142 km., From its provincial capital, has a great richness and variety of species of flora and fauna, since most of its territory exists primary forest; the most relevant is the "Cuyabeno Faunal Production Reserve", which covers 50% of the Cantonal Area. Ecuador has the most varied landscape collection in the world and, therefore, offers multiple possibilities to tourists. The Amazon Region is an exotic and little explored region, rich in tropical vegetation, rivers, one of the most outstanding and worthy points to visit it, is the Putumayo Canton.
Some natural reserves in the middle of the jungle offers the Putumayo canton to national or foreign tourists. Among them, the Cuyabeno lagoon with biodiversity in flora and fauna, with an area of 655.781 hectares located between the basins of the San Miguel and Aguarico rivers. Canoe rides through the Napo, Aguarico and San Miguel rivers, as well as in the rivers of the Cuyabeno, Taraputuy, Aguas Negras and Balatayacu reserves during the winter. Along the way, you will get to know the variety of the forest, made up of species such as: capirona, the ivory nut, the morete, chontaduro, the hambira, the marcrolabio, together with different roses and wild grapes.
Flora Canton Putumayo
Among the existing species we have: trees very appreciated by the wood merchants, among them the ceibo, cedar, guarumo, caripona, moral, caspi guacamayo, laurel, caña brava, platanillo, guabas, pambil, higuerón, hunguragua, morete, sangre de Hen, raft and guayacán.
Fauna Canton Putumayo
It presents a high level of biodiversity but with a low population density that remains constant. The lagoons have a great wealth of fauna, especially birds with more than 464 species, of which a large number are endemic to the Reserve area. It is composed of the cuchucho, armadillo, guatusa, tapir, guanta, monkey, rabbit, sacha cuy, cervicabra, white-tailed deer, pudu and spectacled bear, among others.
Economic development Canton Putumayo
The canton that lives off agriculture, tourism and trade with Colombia. Simón Bolívar Street, the main artery of the city that overlooks the boardwalk, is full of adjoining shops where a wide variety of products and entertainment is offered to visitors.
Typical Foods Putumayo Canton
Patacones: Consists of a dish made with peeled bananas; chopped into pieces not very large; fried in the hot oil, until lightly browned remove; and drained and flattened until they are thin, but not too thin.
Cassava omelette with cheese: For its preparation, the yucca is peeled, then cut into small pieces and put to cook. Later the cooked yucca is crushed, it is shaped like an omelet and grated cheese is placed in the middle, to finally brown them.
Guanta: The preparation of this begins by putting the meat with vinegar in a bowl for 2 hours, then a rehash with oil, paiteña, onion, pepper, garlic, cilantro, chillangua, peanuts and dressings, then the meat is incorporated and cook until the meat is soft.
Tourist Places Canton Putumayo
Lake System Cuyabeno Canton Putumayo
The lake system of Cuyabeno located in the lower Amazon, is made up of around 14 blackwater lagoons, at an altitude between 200 and 280 m.s. It presents an undulating relief, with forest of firm earth, flooded forests and marshy areas.
The lacustrine system is visited by the 14 lagoons of Cuyabeno. The sites of greatest tourist flow are the lagoons Grande, Caimancocha, Patococha and the Quebrada de la Hormiga.
Climate Cuyabeno Lake System Putumayo Canton
The climate that surrounds this place is pleasant since being at 340 m.s. It has a temperature that ranges between 25º C. at least up to 30º C. maximum.
Flora Lake System Cuyabeno Canton Putumayo
In the banks of the lagoon, approximately 300 meters that has not been intervened by the landowners, a forest of approximately 25 meters high composed of arboreal species is observed.
The most common arboreal species are guarumo, chicken blood, fig, monkey comb, jihua and palms.
Fauna Cuyabeno Lake System Putumayo Canton
The lagoon is the habitat of reptiles like boas and until some time ago alligators; mammals such as gaunta, guatusa, armadillo, capibara, tapirs, deer, sahino and birds like the needle duck.
Among the most representative species that inhabit the lagoon are fish such as river croaker, small mouth, river catfish, guanchinche, piranha, rays and many invertebrates that are part of the plankton.
Attractions Lake System Cuyabeno Canton Putumayo
• In the Aguarico river, in Huagrahurco, there is an old path that leads to the Imuya ravine. It is possible to observe pink dolphins in the Lagarto river, large colonies of multicolored and noisy parrots and, occasionally, manatees in the lagoon of Imuya.
• There are three trails that go into the tropical forest: the ant, tapir salting and red palm.
Laguna Grande Canton Putumayo
This lagoon is part of the lacustrine system of the Cuyabeno River, which has a total of 14 water mirrors, this lagoon being one of the most visited by tourists. Water levels depend on the rainy season, so in dry season the level drops drastically reaching sometimes dry, appearing a muddy soil that when exposed to solar radiation dries and cracks, in this season there is a germination of herbs and grasses.
In the winter season the level of the lagoon rises to its maximum, presenting a green color due to grasses and grasses that begin to decompose, then the water takes a color similar to the loaded tea that is to say black waters.
Location Laguna Grande Canton Putumayo
It is located in the Putumayo canton, in the Palma Roja parish.
Extension Laguna Grande Canton Putumayo
Its extension is not known as it belongs to the Cuyabeno Reserve.
Climate Laguna Grande Canton Putumayo
The climate that surrounds this place is pleasant since it is 233 m.s. It has a temperature that oscillates between 17º C at least up to 33º C maximum.
Flora Laguna Grande Canton Putumayo
Within the flora the most representative species are the macrolobios and Genipa spruceana. Presents an extremely diverse flora with plant associations very sensitive to changes in the environment.
The most common species that develop are the guarango of earth, guabo, cedar, cinnamon, yellow, tree peanut, cannon ball and guarumo, among others.
Fauna Laguna Grande Canton Putumayo
This lagoon flooded with black waters presents a great diversity, so we can find several types of alligators, monkeys, leoncillos, chichicos, river dolphins, piranhas, anacondas, tapirs, jaguars, birds like the royal duck, the agami heron, the Oriole crested, the green ibis.
Some of the species that can be found are giant armadillo, eel, water boa and ground boa, snake X, chorongo, freshwater dolphin, guanta, red-blue and yellow-blue macaws, large heron, king buzzard, military ants , real lora, among others.
Attractions Laguna Grande Canton Putumayo
• In rainy times, when the water levels reach their maximum, the lagoon offers an impressive spectacle to the tourists who sail through it, since the water level is near the treetops and you can make bird observations mainly.
• This place is very visited by tourists, who after knowing the lagoon and observe dolphins, caimans, birds, etc. They can fish for piranhas, go hiking in the woods around the lagoon.
• When sailing you can see river dolphins, caimans, turtles, the paiches jumps, around it you can see a number of birds and hopefully some mammals.