It is a canton of the Province of Morona Santiago, Ecuador. Its cantonal head is the city of Sucúa.
In this land a plant called nettle predominates in the Shuar language is known as "suku" for this reason its inhabitants called this beautiful plain "SUKU" name that was generalized by the region. Subsequently, the first settlers increased the letter “a” to this indigenous word, and the name of this beautiful corner was confirmed forever as “SUCÚA”. One of the cultures that inhabits Sucúa is the Shuar ethnic group, also known as jíbaros, this ethnic group arrived in the great Upano Valley crossing the Eastern Andes mountain range, nomads by nature were knowing many places or settling in them, a group of these settled along the rivers Upano and Tutanangoza being the most preferred Upano, they saw that in these places they could hunt and cultivate a great variety of species to survive, they were hunters and farmers by nature.
Climate Canton Sucúa
The climate is mild, since it is a transition zone between the tropical rainforest of the Amazon and the moorland area of the Andean mountain.
Flora Canton Sucúa
Among its main characteristics you can find forests of humid subtropical climate, you can see a great variety of flora from the largest trees to small grasses we find palms, matapalos, cane gadua, tree fern, orchids, heliconias being this its main attraction, fig trees , guayusa, fiber, cedar, among others.
Fauna Canton Sucúa
With regard to wildlife, you can see a great variety of butterflies, and several species of birds.
Economic development Canton Sucúa
- Cattle raising
- Palm fiber
Typical Meals Sucúa Canton
Ayampaco: This exquisite dish can be prepared with chicken, beef, fish and pork visors, which is accompanied by cassava, banana, papachina and salad.
Tilapia: A well-known avocado, which is prepared with the exquisite fish raised in the area and is accompanied by rice, cassava, banana, lemon and a delicious salad.
Tourist Places in Sucúa Canton
Arapicos waterfalls Canton Sucúa
The Alto Arapicos waterfalls are located north on the border with the Morona canton in the Alto Arapicos sector. Located to the northwest of the Sucúa canton, distributed in the Eastern Cordillera, the waterfalls that are found are the Union, Palmito, Gallo de la Peña, Cave of the Tayos, Platanillo and Chiriapi, the area has a rather irregular topography, they are surrounded by hills of steep slopes, the soils are wet and have a lot of yellow clay.
Of the set of waterfalls the largest is the Sunka waterfall, they are distributed vertically, the fall of its waters forms small streams, the waters that form the waterfalls descend from the eastern mountain range, are interconnected with each other by streams and in the end they form the Arapicos river.
High of the Arapicos Waterfalls Canton Sucúa
Cascadas la Unión has a height of approximately 15 meters; Palmito waterfall have a height of 10 m .; Gallo de la Peña waterfall has a fall of approximately 56 m; Tayo waterfall has a height of approximately 45m; and Untrí waterfall (chiriapi) has a height of approximately 65 m.
Location Arapicos Waterfalls Canton Sucúa
Set of waterfalls located north on the border with the canton Morona in the upper Arapicos sector. Located to the northwest of the canton Sucúa.
Community Shuar Canton Sucúa
The Shuar has been a warrior people, formerly they had the custom after their wars, the rite of the reduction of the head of their enemies, known as "tzantza" in order to preserve it as a war trophy; They have generally been disparagingly known as jíbaros or savages.
At present, the indigenous people reject and have called themselves Shuar, which means people or people. They are characterized by being friendly and hospitable.
There are approximately 110,000 people living in the Santiago, Morona and Pastaza river basins. They occupy the east of the province of Zamora Chinchipe and Morona Santiago and the south of the Province of Pastaza.
The subsistence is based mainly on the itinerant horticulture of tubers, complementing with the hunting, fishing and gathering that are made by man; the care of the plot and also of the collection, corresponds to the woman.
Festivals or typical traditions Shuar Community Sucúa Canton
The randimpa had as objective to realize particular works of the neighbors of Macas like the construction of orchards that were known with the name of chacras, that served to sow their products. In the randimpa (all collaborate), the transfer of the house and the parties of the chonta and the snake.
Customs Community Shuar Canton Sucúa
For the Shuar, eating is an act that must always be shared by the whole family and visitors. Not doing so is a sign of contempt. The head of the house is the one who starts the ceremony and invites others to eat, thus making the act a daily ritual.
Architecture Community Shuar Canton Sucúa
To build their houses, the natives use different types of wood such as palm trees and straw for the roof.
The house is elliptical, with a very large interior space, in which there are two restrictive areas; the "ekent", family area of women and young children and the "Tankamash". Social area of male children and visitors; The Shuar house has a dirt floor, walls with splinter boards and palm leaf roof.
Cantonization Parties in Sucúa
In the Administration of Dr. Carlos Luís Arosemena Monroy on December 8, 1962 by executive decree No. 326 published in the Official Registry, Sucúa is established as the new canton of the province of Morona Santiago, integrated by the parishes of Yaupi, Huambi, Asunción and Logroño (now Logroño canton), currently the parishes of Sucùa are Sucúa, Santa Marianita, Asunción and Huambi.
For this event every year on December 8 the celebration of the cantonization of Sucúa is celebrated. The festivities begin on November 30 with the realization of many cultural, artistic, civic, sports and folk activities. 90% of the financing of the parties is in charge of the Municipality at no cost to the public, this entity is responsible for organizing the activities of the parties, they are currently working with the Tourism unit, Education and Culture unit.
The Fiestas de Sucúa is celebrated in the main streets of the Sucúa canton, one of the main and most important streets where the parade is directed is by Domingo Comin Street from South to North, culminating in front of the Municipality or Civic Square.
Commissions are established for civic, religious, fairs, culture and parades activities that will be responsible for the development of its activities and the place where it is going to be carried out, for example, on Cultural Day is held at the Río Upano School, in the Tourist fairs are held. The place of events may vary, it can be done at the Miriumi Complex or the Treasure Complex, in each activity a motivation prize is given to the one that has stood out the most. The companies that sponsor the parties the most are Cristal and Shumir.
Election of the Queen of Sucúa: The election of the queen of the canton is made, the participants can represent organized groups, private companies, neighborhoods and / or institutions of the canton Sucúa.
Sucúa Canton Monkey Stone
Zoomorphic figures are engraved in the Monkey stone, the stone has the following dimensions: 4 meters high by 9 meters long and 5 meters wide, the figures are drawn on the top of the stone, 15 figures are engraved Different size, the dimensions vary between 35 to 15 cm long and 22 to 10 cm wide, six figures are deeply engraved and have a long mono tail.
In the Santa Teresita sector, the Tutanangoza River forms a beautiful backwater, the river is not so big, nor dangerous, it forms a small arm that goes to the Monkey stone, the water arm waters the stone forming an island, the river It has a width of approximately 12 m, the stone is next to the river 3 m from the shore, to access to observe the figures you must cross to the stone swimming and with a little difficulty you can climb it especially when The river doesn't have much water. On the surface of the stone you can see many hieroglyphs in the form of monkey and human bodies.
Location Piedra del Mono Cantón Sucúa
It is located in the Asunción parish of the Sucúa canton, in the area of the beaches of the Tutanangoza river of the Santa Teresita community, 7 kilometers from the Sucúa parish.
Sucúa Canton Monkey Stone Extension
The stone is 4 meters high by 9 meters long and 5 meters wide.
Description Sucúa Canton Monkey Stone
The population of the place has knowledge of this stone 25 years ago. It is considered that this stone belongs to the Upano phase 1100 a. C. to 1120 a. C. end of the early formative period from the Synchronic point of view, it is considered that they have an age of 2500 years these areas were populated by pottery and possibly horticultural tribes.
The stone of the Monkey is a petroglyph well known by the citizens of Sucúa. It is a zoomorphic petroglyph that is represented by several figures of monkeys.
Canton Sucúa Botanical Park
The Botanical Park is formed by a set of hills that cover a dense vegetation, the place is surrounded by some rivers one of these is the Upano, you can see the settlement of several communities belonging to the Shuar ethnic group.
It has an area of 27.82 hectares of forest, bears the name of Tindiuky Neida in honor of the most representative plant of the common place known as fiber, has a path of 1100 m which allows you to travel all the important points of the park, the area where the park is located belongs to the tropical rainforest zone.
The Botanical Park is a project that aims to publicize the great variety of vegetative species of the place and their conservation.
Location Botanical Park Canton Sucúa
The Botanical Park is located in the Kiim sector, to the south east of the city and 1.5 km from the Sucúa road.
Canton Sucúa Botanical Park Extension
It has an area of 27.82 hectares of forest.
Climate Botanical Park Canton Sucúa
The temperature ranges from 18 to 32 degrees Celsius.
Flora Botanical Park Canton Sucúa
Among its main characteristics you can find forests of humid subtropical climate, you can see a great variety of flora from the largest trees to small grasses we find palms, matapalos, cane gadua, tree fern, orchids, heliconias being this its main attraction, fig trees , Fernán Sánchez, guayusa, fiber, cedar, among others.
Heliconia, the Higuerón is a tree of the Moráceas el Guarumo family, a common name that most of the species of the genus, Cecropia, also known as yarumo, guayusa, a native plant of the Amazon region, receive as a expectorant, diuretic and against stomach and digestive problems.
Fauna Botanical Park Canton Sucúa
With regard to wildlife, you can see a great variety of butterflies, and several species of birds.