It is located in the interior part of the Ecuadorian coast, located in the central-northwest location of Ecuador, especially in the mountains, as well as on the banks of rivers and roads. It offers 350 kilometers of beach, wet forests, horseback riding, water sports, culture, delicious food.
It is an Ecuadorian province located in the central-northwest location of continental Ecuador, whose legal unit is located in the geographical region of the coast, which in turn is divided by the crossing of the equinoctial line. Its capital is Portoviejo. It borders to the west with the Pacific Ocean, to the north with the Province of Esmeraldas, to the east with the Province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas and Province of Los Ríos, to the south with the Province of Santa Elena and to the south and east with the Province of the Guayas Manabí with a population of 1,395,249 inhabitants, is the third most populous province in Ecuador. Its average temperature is 25 degrees Celsius and has a subtropical climate between dry and wet.
Nature has been prodigal with Manabí, it has mountains, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, wetlands, tropical dry and humid forests, 350 km of beaches, islands, caves, valleys, hills, etc. The main economic activities are: agriculture (cocoa, coffee, bananas, corn, rice, cotton, fruits); forest resources; cattle and pigs; poultry farming; the shrimp farms; agribusiness (manufacture of fats and oils, confectionery, chemicals, paper, ceramics); straw and wicker straw crafts and mining (limestone, clay, plaster). Mababí has excellent regional cuisine, among its typical dishes we find: viche (fish and peanut soup), sancocho (fish and banana soup), green empanadas (banana), patacones (banana), hayacas (coastal version of the tamales serranos), cebiches (various seafood, brown salt (a kind of sauce, made with peanut butter, cornmeal and condiments), etc.
Relief Province of Manabi
Its territory occupies extensive plains of the coast. From the Province of Guayas comes the coastal mountain range of Chongón - Colonche that gives rise to the hills of Paján and Puca. The elevations do not exceed 500 meters above sea level. In the Montecristi canton there are isolated cords of the hills of this name and the hills of Leaves. To the north is the Balzar Mountain Range, which includes the hills of Los Liberales and Canoa; From there follows a branch that joins the hills of Jama and continues north to the hills of Coaque.
Climate Province of Manabí
It ranges from dry tropical to humid tropical and is determined by sea currents; During the Winter that begins at the beginning of December and concludes in May the weather is hot and is influenced by the warm El Niño current, on the contrary the Summer that goes from June to December is less hot thanks to the cold Humboldt current Although the temperature is not uniform throughout the province, the average temperature in Portoviejo, the capital, is 25 ° C and in the city of Manta, 23.8 ° C.
Flora Province of Manabí
It has lush vegetation such as: Epiphytes and climbers, guarumos, raft, red apple, mamey, guava, coconut and aguacatillo, among others.
Wildlife Province of Manabi
There is a variety of fauna such as: tigrillo, anteater, armadillo, howler monkey, guanta, cusumbo, squirrel, snake x, warty snake, snake snake, smooth snake, snake kills horse, among others.
Hydrography Province of Manabí
The crossing of the Chongón-Colonche mountain range and the Balzar mountain range hinders the existence of flow rivers that flow into the Pacific Ocean, with the exception of those that are important in winter such as the Chone river and Portoviejo river that are the only ones with a deep riverbed ; This determines that certain areas of the province are predisposed to flooding in the winter seasons with the highest rainfall. The Chone River is the most important for its flow, it is born in the western slopes of the Balzar mountain range and flows into Bahía de Caráquez.
Its main tributaries are: on the right bank the Mosquito, Garrapata, San Lorenzo rivers and on the left bank: the Tosagua, with its tributaries: Canuto and Calceta. The basin that irrigates these rivers is one of the most important and fertile in the province. The Portoviejo river is born in the mountains of Paján and Puca and flows into the bay of Charapot in a tourist site known as "La Boca". The Canoa River is born in the mountains of that name and receives the waters of the Tabu chilla and the Boy. Between Canoa and San Vicente the river Briceño flows that is of little flow. Finally, the Jama River that is born in the hills of its name and its main tributary, the Mariano River.
Coast Profile Manabí Province
It extends 350 km from the Pacific Coast. The most important geographical accidents are from north to south: the Cojimíes peninsula; the Pasado, San Mateo and San Lorenzo capes, the Cojimíes, Surrones, Brava, Charapoto, Jaramijó, Cayo and Ayampe points; the bays: Cojimíes, Caráquez and Manta; the coves: Jama, Crucita, Cayo or Machalilla. 15 km off the coast of Puerto Cayo is the Isla de la Plata, which has an area of 14 km². Another island smaller than the previous one is that of Cojimíes, in front of the Pedernales canton
Orography Province of Manabí
Being a province of the coastal region, its elevations do not exceed 700 meters above sea level. The Manabita coast has an extension of 350 kilometers; Its main mountain range, that of Chongón-Colonche that comes from Guayas, is the backbone of the region and takes the names of Paján and then Puca. There are also the hills of Hoja and Montecristi; To the north is the Balzar mountain range; it joins with the hills of the Liberals and Canoa, and forms a branch that along with the hills of Jama continues towards the North with the name of Coaque.
The most important geographical accidents from North to South are: the pedernales, Ballena, Palmar, Brava, Lharapoto, Caráquez, Manta, Cüjimíes and Crucita points; the capes Pasado, San Mateo and San Lorenzo; the Bays of Cojimíes, Caráquez and Manta; the coves of Jama, Crucita, Cayo and Machalilla. The mountains of Calceta and Flavio Alfaro must also be mentioned; La Azucena hill, the Convento mountains and the La Iguana mountain range between Manabí and Guayas. In front of Cayo, 15 kilometers from the coast is the island of La Plata with an area of 6.75 square kilometers; it is possible to mention another one of smaller extension that is the one of Salango.
Economic development Manabí Province
Industries Province of Manabí
The manufacturing industry has the largest number of workers in the food, beverage and tobacco industry. In these categories we can mention that of vegetable oils and fats (Ales Industries), fish processors, alcohols, noodles, cookies, fishmeal. Textile, furniture, chemical, paper, graphic industry, cement pipes and mechanical metal industries have been installed.
Manabí Province Forestry
Manabi has good forest resources. The most important timber production is raft, cane guadúa, laurel, guayacán, tangaré and white wood. The timber areas are located in the interior mountainous sections of the province.
Handicrafts Province of Manabí
The skill of Manabite artisans, especially in the manufacture of toquilla straw items, which is a specialty of the Jipijapa and Montecristi cantons, is well known within the country. International fame have had straw hats because of their quality and finesse. In Castilian speech, the name "jipijapa hat" is used to designate these hats. In the North American market they were known as "Panama hats". Another widely used handicraft is that used by wicker to make furniture from a wide variety of items. Its acceptance is great due to the low cost and the decorative value for certain environments.
Potters of the Pila Province of Manabi
At 10 kilometers from Montecristi there is a hamlet called "La Pila" that has become famous for the extraordinary ability of potters. They began copying pieces of pre-Columbian pottery whose remains are abundant in the province, but thanks to the management of certain institutions such as the Central Bank, they carried out original works and the result has been surprising so that there is talk of a revival of pre-Columbian pottery Manabi Pottery potters have made exhibitions and there is a lot of demand for their works.
The Port of Manta Province of Manabí
Manta has defined its main port category. In 1930 he achieved the construction of a 50-meter long jetty. The current port is the result of a civic and patriotic effort. On February 20, 1959, the construction contract was signed at an approximate cost of 83 million sucres. The construction had several difficulties until on February 20, 1968, the first deep water dock was officially put into service and on July 27 of the same year the work was completed, the cost of which rose to 150 million sucres.
Port traffic Province of Manabí
From the Manta colony it was the port of entry of the vessels that went to or came from the south, thanks to the privileged situation and the calm of its existence. Today the port of Manta is first order. The Port Authority has modern equipment for loading and unloading merchandise, offers the Roll-on Roll-off service and has the necessary facilities for commercial traffic. However, the movement of goods through the port of Manta is in decline. One of the causes was the withdrawal of the Coordinated Caribbean Transport Inc. (CCT) shipping company that carried out intermodal cargo movement operations between the blanket ports and Miami. The export cargo movement has remained more or less constant over the years.
Agriculture Province of Manabí
As in most Ecuadorian provinces, agricultural activity is the main activity in Manabí that offers favorable conditions due to the fertility of the land in areas suitable for cultivation. Its products are of tropical climate like cocoa, coffee, banana, hard [corn], rice and cotton. Among the fruit trees can be noted: melon, watermelon, orange, pickle, pineapple, papaya. Especially coffee areas are: Jipijapa, Paján, Santa Ana, May 24. The cocoa areas are: Chone, Bolívar, Junín and the mountainous part of the Sucre Canton. Cotton is grown in the Portoviejo and Rocafuerte cantons. Coconut is produced on the North coast of Manabí from Canoa to Cojimíes. The copra that is the mature coconut is requested as a raw material for the edible oil industry. The province of Manabí occupies the first place at the national level in the production of coffee (cultivated area and production) the same happens in the production of banana and occupies the second place in the production of dry hard corn.
7.3 million hectares were cultivated, which means 0.82% less than in 2009. These results came out of the Agricultural Surface Survey. Manabi was the province with the largest agricultural area. Another result that reveals the survey is that the production of sugarcane, banana, African palm, rice, corn, milk and potatoes grew in 2010. The fastest growing are sugarcane and bananas. Those two crops had an abundant harvest. In the short-cycle crops, rice, corn and potatoes had a good year. Despite the floods, 1.7 million tons of rice and 868,000 tons of corn were collected. That production was strong in Guayas with rice and in Los Ríos, with corn.
Livestock Province of Manabi
Manabi occupies one of the first places in the population of cattle. The most important livestock areas in the province are: Chone, Bolívar, Rocafuerte and the northern part of the Sucre Canton. Horses, pigs and mules are bred throughout the province. Particularly important is poultry farming because its poultry population exceeds 7 million birds (laying, male and fattening).
Typical foods province of Manabí
Crab Viche (San Vicente): Make a refrito with onion, pepper, garlic, parsley and cilantro, all chopped, oil and achiote to taste. Add all seasonings and keep on fire 5 minutes.
Shrimp Ceviche: It is prepared with boiled shrimp, lemon juice, sour orange juice, mustard, tomato sauce, coriander, pepper, paiteña onion. It is accompanied with chifles or canguil.
The shell ceviche its preparation is simple. The black shells are still alive and the juice is drained in a bowl or bowl. The shells are then deposited and accompanied with a pinch of oil, mustard, lemon juice and a lot of onion chopped in pen, chopped coriander and roasted corn and, if desired, you can add tomato sauce.
Sailor rice, this dish contains, shells, shrimp, squid and crab, with variations of octopus, clam and river shrimp, seasoned with cumin, pepper, garlic, achiote and onions. It is served with fried bananas, patacones, lemon and Creole chili pepper.