Canton Ibarra. It is a canton of Ecuador, located in the Province of Imbabura. Its cantonal head is the city of Ibarra, place where a large part of its total population is grouped.
The canton has a scenic beauty of lagoons in a natural and cultural environment, producing in the visitor the sensation of the divine presence, designing and harmoniously drawing the spectacular landscapes of the White City and its cantonal environment. The cabar Ibarra has several tourist attractions that come from the time of the Incas, the city also enjoys exuberant landscapes; and being multicultural, all this added to the services, as the great variety of hotel and gastronomic infrastructure makes it the best tourist site in the province.
Climate of the Ibarra Canton
The temperature of the Province of Imbabura averages 18ºC and its climate is dry. The diversity of climatic floors ranges from humid and semi-humid mesotherms to the páramo above 3,600 meters of altitude. The Chota basin has a temperate and tropical climate. The average temperature ranges between 8 and 28 degrees Celsius.
Fauna of the Ibarra Canton
The low area is the habitat of animals such as spectacled bear, guanta, guatusa, tapirs, tigrillos, anteaters, otters, tutamono, boas and jaguars. The fauna in the high zone is therefore typical of the cold zones, it is common to observe wolves of paramo, deer, rabbits and birds like curiquingues and pigs.
Flora of the Ibarra Canton
In the lower area there is jungle vegetation inaccessible through valuable trees for its wood such as mahogany, guayacán, oak and raft. Matapalos hugging other trees are easy to find as well as several species of the most spectacular orchids, bromeliads and ferns. The high zone gives way to the typical Andean plant species such as pumamaqui, quishuar and romerillo.
Cultures and traditions of Cantón Ibarra
Festival of the Inty Raymi, which is celebrated every June at the end of the corn harvest.
June 24, The San Juanes
July 17, Battle of Ibarra.
August 16, Fiesta El Retorno.
8 and 28 September, Fiesta del Yamor and the Ibarra Foundation
The paila ice creams, which are prepared by beating constantly, in bronze pans, blackberry juice, taxo, naranjilla, guanábana or milk, on ice. The Arrope de Mora, which is a jam or blackberry syrup, typically made.
Las Nogadas, traditional sweet of the ibarreños made with panela and tocte (the fruit of the walnuts). The Empanadas de Morocho, which are made with white corn, planted and ground, to obtain their dough, then stuffed with peas, carrots and rice, for later frying and obtaining their crispy consistency, among others.
Nogadas: It is prepared in pots, in which lemons are added, boiled until the point of caramel is left until it cools, whisk egg whites until stiff, add water and finally mix with tocte and put in boxes.
Ice cream from paila: It is prepared in front of everyone with pure juice of fruit whipped by hand in a bronze pan circling on blocks of ice.
Blackberry sauce: When the blackberry is prepared in a pan with water until it starts to boil, once it is cold, pass it through a sieve and place it back on the fire together with the sugar, stirring it with a wooden spatula until you get a marmalade thick.
Laguna de Yahuarcocha
The natural beauty of its landscape and the organization of international automobile competitions, especially in the month of September each year in the autodrome, have boosted the development of tourism. There is a Bar Pier service, boat rides and sport fishing, especially at night. It is believed that this lagoon was formed in the Pleistocene and is of glacial origin.
This lagoon is surrounded by hills and natural viewpoints that are suspended towards the south-west side, eroded for the most part. It presents an environment of crops, farms and indigenous lands framed by the Angochagua mountain range.
Tolas de Socapamba
It is a site of mounds located at 4 km. from the Laguna de Yahuarcocha, at the foot of the Angochagua Mountain Range, on one side of the Panamericana Norte, between the hot climate of the Chota Valley and the humid - dry mesothermic climate of La Hoya International in an arid site.
The Tolas Socapamba were part of a settlement very important face of the region and its multiplicity of forms obeyed specific uses and objectives.
This site corresponds to the period of integration, before the Inca invasion, dating from 1,250 to 1,500 years BC, which proves to be the work of the Caranques and Cayambis and not of previous times.
Train Ibarra - Salinas - Ibarra
Ibarra-Salinas-Ibarra is an adventure route, starting from the Ibarra station and going through beautiful natural landscapes that adorn the railway as cane fields, productive sectors, a waterfall, the bridge over the Ambi river and tunnels made to peak and shovel . In Salinas de Ibarra, the Afro-Ecuadorian community delights visitors with its dance, music and culture. In addition, it has the Ethnographic Museum of Salt.
Beach of Ambuqui
This sector is very visited by national and foreign tourists, who arrive on weekends and on holidays to stay in one of the hostels to occupy some of the different options offered by these.
The people of this area are dedicated especially to agriculture, and its main products are ovos, fruits of tropical climate, with which they elaborate various products such as wines and jams. It is the only population of the Valle del Chota that is inhabited by mestizo people, corresponds to the Pre Montano thorny mountain life zone.
This forest is part of the natural and cultural identity of the ibarreño and provides trails, physical infrastructure and storages that allow the visitor the possibility of enjoying a panoramic view of the city, knowing the Wildlife Management Center and the shrubs of Guayabillas are exquisite fruit plants unique in the area.
The lack of green spaces led the then Mayor to acquire the so-called Loma de Guayabillas with the purpose of converting it into a Natural Park that benefits and resolves the recreation and use needs of the free time of its inhabitants, also becoming a great tourist attraction of local and international character.
Basilica of the Sorrowful
It is a church of a single nave with a ceiling in the form of a coffered ceiling.
It was built by means of plans and with economic contributions from the parishioners. One of the few religious buildings that collapsed with the 1987 earthquake, which was restored and rebuilt in 1991.
La Dolorosa Basilica is located in the San Francisco parish on Av. Sucre and Liborio Madera number 1106.
Only the façade is preserved from the original basilica, which was the only thing that was not destroyed by the 1987 earthquake, as it was entirely made of stone.
It was built in the middle of this century and the ships collapsed in the March 1987 earthquake, the same ones that were rebuilt in 1991-1992.
They are indigenous descendants of the Caranquí ethnic group that settled in this area of Imbabura. This group in a greater percentage of typical clothing, have very traditional forms of work such as, for example: use of the yunta, they are also fixed or guided by the lunar seasons.
There are very typical marriages where rituals such as chaqui mayllay and many customs and traditions that have been acquired and maintained from generation to generation throughout the colonization, to this day.
Central Bank Museum
Museum of Regional Archeology of the Sierra Norte, is a cultural center that belongs to the Central Bank, was built in 1940, of selective traditional architecture, modillones, eave and tile roof with a simple cover; the moldings and their ornamentation frame the openings in a low arch. Its structure is of stone foundation, walls of adobón, brick, glazed tile.