Caluma - Bolívar - Ecuador

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Caluma - Bolívar - Ecuador

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Caluma

It is located west of Guaranda, enjoys an excellent climate and a wonderful natural environment for those who love nature and extreme sports, its vegetation is exuberant as well as its fauna.
In addition, it has dozens of waterfalls, rivers and orange crops that is considered one of the best in Ecuador for its delicious and unique flavor, cocoa, mandarin, among other exotic species is a little known place. The Caluma River crosses this privileged region that boasts a landscape of exotic beauty. The canton is formed by 1 parish.

Flora in Caluma

The flora of the canton Caluma is characterized by the limited but characteristic presence of natural forest, abundant arboreal vegetation, dense and dense epiphytes, tree fern, timber species such as guayacán, mahogany, copal, motilón aguacatillo, colorado, oak, cedar, laurel, cedrillo , species that unfortunately due to their commercial value are often extracted, together with the biological diversity of the place.

There are also fruit trees such as guabo, mamey and citrus, among others; coffee, cocoa, banana, naranjilla, romerillo, pambil and exotic flowers. The plants that exist in the streams and watersheds are: guanto, guarumo, raft, palms, bamboo cane or cañoto, there are also several epiphytic plants that due to the humidity of these strata have been able to adapt. In the shrub and sub-shrub layer there are species such as: cat's claw (Uncaria tomentosa), elder, mountain grape, wild zapote, huillo, camacho, matico de monte. Species that, according to information provided by the technicians of the Municipal GAD of Caluma, having no economic importance have been developed to reach heights of 15 to 20 meters.

Fauna in Caluma

The fauna of the canton Caluma is varied, among the existing fish: mouse, bocachico, campeche, etc .; amphibians and reptiles such as salamanders, toads, marsupial frog, snakes and snakes; Birds such as the cattle egret and the tick-hoof that are always observed next to the cattle, vague bird, between the bushes and pastures, the jumper algae very common in the river beds, the blue turtledove, observed in the pastures and crops; pava de monte, hawks, toucan, diostedé, buzzards and hummingbirds; and, mammals such as armadillos, rabbits, cusumbos, guatusas, guantas, monkeys, foxes, deer and light parrots.

Economic development

Its economy, which is based on the cultivation of orange and cocoa in the lower middle and livestock in the upper middle part; However, this does not exclude the cultivation of other products in smaller quantities such as potatoes, corn, beans, beans, naranjilla, cassava, rice, avocado, among others.

Tourist attractions in Caluma

Bosque Protector Piedra Blanca: The protective forest Piedra Blanca is a redoubt of jungle embellished by rivers of crystal clear water and its landscape environment that contrasts with gigantic black and white rocks, is considered as an important patrimony of Ecuadorian flora and fauna.

Cascada la Chorrera: In the Cascada del Triunfo you can observe the waterfall with pools in the base; admire the stone of the sun and bathe in the pool-lagoon in the Triunfo, in the journey through the rural roads you rest in farms producing cacao, oranges and banana. Another waterfall of singular beauty that invites you to join this fantastic adventure, full of emotion and adrenaline for the most spectacular and unexplored landscapes of the place.

Cascada Tres Pailas: The waters that cross this stretch are like crystalline pearls that wrap in a magical corner of this corner.

45 minutes from Caluma, is the Tres Pailas Waterfall, peaceful and small surrounded by an infinity of flora and fauna, impressive attraction for its hot winds, becoming an interesting destination for international travelers who seek a temperate climate during their vacations.

Plomovado waterfall: It is a waterfall of about 90 meters high with an average annual temperature of 22 ° C, at the bottom of the fall there is a small swim in which you can refresh, bathe and receive water massage given the fall by variants resulting refreshing, relaxing and invigorating for the organism.

Protected Forest Samama: From Caluma, along the banks of the Pita River, crystalline streams cross, you travel between landscapes, subtropical flora and fauna, fruit farms; Cerro Samama viewpoint, where species in the process of extinction live. Observation of birds and orchids.

Elaboration of Panela: Caluma is an agricultural canton, the raw material for the production of panela is sugar cane, a plant that is planted in different regions of the country and thanks to the climatic conditions of the same can be harvested throughout the year.

Panela is considered a food, which unlike sugar, which is basically sucrose, also has significant contents of glucose, fructose, proteins, minerals such as calcium, iron and phosphorus and vitamins such as ascorbic acid.

Cultures and traditions in Caluma

Cantonization - August 23. - They are held in August the main numbers are the Choice of the Queen, parade, expo, popular dances, Corrida de Toros, montubio rodeo, among others. A tradition that is not lost is the fight of roosters that takes place on 16, 17, 18 August in which very high value bets are placed.
The gallant and main event of these festivities, is the majestic night full of color and beauty without equal, where the attributes and hidalguía of the calumeña woman are highlighted.

Feast of the Virgen del Valle - September 24.

Carnival of Caluma - February.

Feasts of Charquiyacu.

Typical Food in Caluma

Chigüiles: They are tasty and delicate tamalillos, made of fine corn flour, lard and cheese with achiote, wrapped in tender leaves of the same cereal and steamed. The chiguil is one of the most remarkable gastronomic legacies of our aboriginal ancestors, enriched by the Creole culture.

Aguado de Gallina: It is prepared by cooking the chicken, it is served with potatoes accompanied by cilantro and white onion.

Fritada: It is the main dish of the city, it consists of a rich pork meat fried with the same fat of the meat, accompanied by corn, mote, ripe, yucca or potatoes and an exquisite chili.

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Ecuador and its unique charms.

4 worlds in one place, so you can enjoy them to the fullest...!

Ecuador country of 4 worlds, in one place...!
#AllYouNeedIsEcuador

Ecuador, officially called the Republic of Ecuador, is a sovereign country located in the northwestern region of South America. Bordered on the North by Colombia, Northwest with Peru, to the South and to the East with the Peru. The Pacific Ocean bathes the western coast, and separates it from the Galapagos Islands located thousand kilometers to the West.

Soo close Quito the capital of the Andes, stands the Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the world. It is currently one of the most traditional and culturally better preserved on the planet, it has 5 nominations for the Cultural heritage of humankind, two natural heritage of humanity and over 20 candidates for other commemorations of the Unesco .

History of the Ecuador

The first human settlements in Ecuadorian territory date back to 12 000 to.C., subsequently developed several pre-Columbian peoples. After the definitive independence from Spanish rule, part of the territory joined quickly the Gran Colombia, while the coastal territory remained independent until the annexation by manu militari by Simón Bolívar. In 1830 the Colombian territories of the South seceded and created the Ecuadorian nation.In 1979, the country returned to democratic system, although political instability between 1996 to 2006 led the country into an economic, political and social crisis, resulting in the dollarization of its economy and toppled three Presidents before the end of its mandate.

The Ecuador culture

Rag dolls representing the indigenous culture of Ecuador is a multi-ethnic and multicultural nation.It should consider the ethnic and regional diversity of Ecuador to analyze their culture. Ethnically it is marked by the presence of mestizos and indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian, white; as well as regions such as the coast, the sierra, the East and the insular region, all of them with very rich specificities.

The Ecuador climate

The country has a tropical and humid climate, the air quality is very good by the presence of large natural forests, national parks, and the Amazon rainforest.

Geography of the Ecuador

Ecuador is located on the terrestrial Equator by which its territory is located in both hemispheres.The country has an area of 283,561 square kilometers. It is divided into four natural regions (La Costa, Sierra, the Amazon and the Insular region or Galapagos), in turn is divided administratively into 24 provinces.
In the Pacific coast are the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabi, Los Rios, Guayas, Santa Elena and El Oro.In the Andes, in the North and central are Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua and Chimborazo, in the South are Bolivar, Cañar, Azuay and Loja.In the Amazon, on the other hand are succumbing, Napo, Pastaza, Orellana, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe and in the island, the Galapagos Islands, made up of 13 main islands region.

The Ecuador economy

Ecuador is a major exporter of bananas (first place worldwide in its production and export), flowers, and the eighth World producer of cocoa.Petroleum accounts for 40% of exports and contributes to maintaining a positive trade balance.

Festivals in the Ecuador

  • Easter, many of the provinces celebrated on this date, with regional events.
  • November 2, the Difuntos.
  • 25 of December day, they celebrate Christmas, sharing in family.
  • 331 December, farewell of the year.

Regions natural of the Ecuador

Amazon rainforest, Andes mountains, Costa and the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador national parks

Parque Nacional Yasuní, Cotopaxi, Sangay National Park, National Park Podocarpus, El Cajas National Park, National Park Machalilla National Park.

Languages spoken in Ecuador

Ecuador speaks the Spanish throughout the territory, also Quechua indigenous populations of the Sierra and the Amazon, but as it is a country with a tourist infrastructure in development, can be guides in several languages; It is possible to speak in English at the points of attention to tourists called "iTur"; created by the Ministry of tourism also in airports, Bus Terminal, municipalities and others find information points.

Shopping in Ecuador

We recommend going to the handicrafts market of Otavalo, located about 2 hours (120 km) of Quito city, there you can get variety of souvenirs and handicrafts that are found in the rest of the Andean region.And don't forget Cotacachi, a town with cute works in leather of high quality.
In the city of Cuenca also can be purchased pottery, textiles, jewelry, crafts in toquilla straw, wrought iron, etc.

Food typical of the Ecuador

Ecuador has a variety of typical food, in each of the natural regions, such as Costa, Sierra and East have their own typical food, in the East can eat a Chontacuro (worms grilled on skewer), in the Sierra you can eat a delicious "fry pork", a hornado, llapingachos, the Guinea pig, the classic "sing" in Cuenca, and a fish coconut coast, prieta salt, green bolon or ceviche de concha and many more dishes.In Manabi most importantly the food is tanning with lemon and fresh fish.

  • Pope locro, is a stew with squash, beans, corn or potatoes.
  • Roast Cuy or Guinea.
  • Cebiche or ceviche, this dish is very consumed in the coastal area.
  • Encebollado, is a stew of fish containing Yucca and pickled red onions.
  • Cuy or Guinea pig, is usually roasted.
  • Bolón de pescado
  • Bolón, is based green bananas broiled or fried previously.
  • Fritada is another delicious dish of Ecuador.Not be left confused by the name, is not a dish of fried meat.The meat of pig or pork is cooked in plenty of water and orange juice with cumin, garlic, onion, salt and pepper until the water has been consumed to be completed. Then the meat begins to Brown in its own fat. Also is it accompanied by mote (boiled maize).

Drinks and fun in Ecuador

There are many clubs and bars in constant renewal in the country.

  • A reference point for nightlife is Montañita where Sun, surf, beach and joy.
  • In Guayaquil, there are bars and clubs for all tastes.
  • In Quito, the area of fun, dancing, alcohol is known as the Mariscal. Current law restricts the opening of bars and nightclubs on holidays; the days Friday and Saturday until 2:00 am, on Sunday the sale of alcoholic beverages is limited.

Lodging in Ecuador

Ecuador has a good hotel infrastructure for all kinds of tourists, from Hostels up to Super exclusive luxury hotels such as the Hilton Hotel Oro Verde, Sheraton, Wyndham, Unipark, among others. All this is thanks to the good tourist development that has had the country in recent years.
If you need more information about where to stay, we recommend you to enter this link: Lodging in Ecuador and review the tourism infrastructure that exists in all of the Ecuador.

Tourism in Ecuador

Ecuador lies within the countries more diverse in its ecosystem and for this reason National Geographic categorized it within the top 10 tourist destinations in adventure.

Cultural in Ecuador tourist attractions

Historic center of Quito, Mitad del Mundo, Ingapirca ruins, historic centre of Cuenca, Latacunga, and much more.Come and visit Ecuador!

Natural tourist attractions in Ecuador

Galapagos Islands, National Park Yasuní, National Park El Cajas National Park Sangay, Parque nacional Podocarpus, Vilcabamba, bathrooms.
Glaciers and volcanoes: Antisana, Cayambe, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo Illinizas.El is the volcano and highest mountain of Ecuador, is the farthest from the center of the Earth, and «the point closest to the Sun». Its last known eruption is believed that you occurred around the 550 dC.
Beaches: Crucita, Atacames, Bahía de Caráquez, Esmeraldas, Manta, Salinas, Montañita

Fray Enrique Mideros Museum in Baños de Agua Santa

Meet the religious culture of Baños de Agua Santa, the exhibition of votive offerings and various objects that the parishioners presented to the Virgin of the Rosary of Holy Water in recognition of the favors received.

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Galapagos Islands

Extraordinary flora and fauna, a place you must visit...!

Galapagos Islands are worldwide known for their wide biodiversity and for being the point from where Charles Darwin developed the theory of evolution.We present you 5 facts that perhaps you didn't know about the Enchanted Islands.

The term "Enchanted islands" first appeared on a map in 1589.Sailors nicknamed thus to the Galapagos Islands, by referring to these "appeared and disappeared", since due to the sea currents strong, access to the Islands was limited at certain times of the year. The nickname transcended over the years and today is still saying that the Islands are "delighted", but referring now to the great biodiversity of flora and fauna.

The Galapagos marine iguana, is the only species of reptile in the world that has managed to adapt to life under water.

The Islands are named for the giant tortoises that live there (the Galapagos word meaning turtle). This species can reach up to 16 hours a day to sleep and mainly feeds on cacti that grow there.

In keeping with the turtles, originally there were 15 species of giant tortoises in the Galapagos, unfortunately 5 of them are completely extinct, so there are only 10. The main threat of the turtles is the human being, who for years has been dedicated to hunting them for their meat and oil.

The Galapagos Islands were part of the second world war! During this war, the Government of Ecuador allowed the United States Government build a runway with strategic aims in the Islands.When the war ended, the Americans abandoned the place. That track currently serves as the main airport of the Islands, which welcomes the year thousands of passengers.