Gonzanamá - Loja - Ecuador

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Gonzanamá - Loja - Ecuador

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Se cree que en épocas muy remotas de vida en estas tierras el tribu de los KONZAS con su cacique ANAMA, siendo posible que se haya unido al tribu a la cacique y el origen a la palabra Gonzanamá

El maestro sabio Moisés Castañeda en el tema de Gonzanamá dice: Gonzanamá está formado por cuatro elementos de lenguas aborígenes;

Kun - Dios de las aguas,

tza - fuerte, duro, rígido,

gna - Inflexión del verbo ser.

rn a - primero, origen, principio.

Analizando estas raíces aborígenes Gonzanamá significaría: Desde el principio, por siempre, existirían estas tierras hombre fuerte, trabajador, protegido por el Dios de las aguas que originan la fertilidad del suelo en una excelente producción para la vida del hombre.

Otros estudios nos indican que la palabra Gonzanamá proviene de las lenguas del grupo idiomático de las Cayapas en donde se oye el sonido de K se confunde con el de G y la U se cambia por el sonido A, desaparece la manera de sínc de acuerdo con esta etimología , Gonzanamá significaría:

Kontze - cerro

N a - chaparro, madera, árbol;

Ma -sol

"Cerro cubierto por vegetación y bañado por el sol".


Fundación de Gonzanamá.

No podemos indicar la ciencia exacta de la fecha exacta de esta fundación, por carecer de datos que demuestren este acontecimiento; Sin embargo, podemos decir que la fundación de Gonzanamá es muy antigua 1539 Los conquistadores españoles hablanban de Santo Domingo de Gonzanamá. Se tiene conocimiento de que la primera fundación fue en las faldas del Colambo.

Development of Gonzanamá Canton

GONZANAMÁ AGRÍCOLA: Growing the fields, the greenery of its mountains, the farmers who, from the early hours of the morning, go out to plant and care for their fields, the peasant and working women, have made this beautiful homeland, a sector purely agricultural, for its different species of vegetables, fruit and fruit products, which are sold inside and outside the canton.

GONZANAMÁ GANADERA: Livestock has traditionally become one of the main activities of Gonzanameñas men and women, the products derived from milk, have a high level of recognition at the provincial and national levels. The cheese, quesillo, the traditional diamantina, the aguado de leche, the yogurt, are products that are commercialized and consumed in all parts of the country.

GONZANAMÁ ARTESANAL: One of the main legacies that exist in the canton, is the artisanal activity, mainly the weaving by hand in colorful looms that only the creative and innovative hands of Gonzanameñas men and women can do. Hammocks, ponchos, saddlebags, slang, handbags, implements and more variety of handicrafts, have been characterizing Gonzanamá and each of its parishes, in the different events and exhibitions held in different sectors of the country and the world.

Tourist Attractions of Cantón Gonzanamá

Cerro Colambo

The distance between Gonzanamá and Cerro Colambo is 7 km. To get to the top, we walk a path of approximately 1h30 minutes, most of the trail is easily accessible. Considered in ancient times as an active volcano, at present with its "bellows" it still gives signs of its imposing past. Colambo means "Monte that rushes into flames or burns". Many fantasy legends are known to assure the existence of riches stored inside, for which reason it has been called "enchanted hill". It rises to 3,097 m.s.n.m. In its skirts rests a lagoon of crystalline waters in which the tourists can enjoy the sport fishing, it is the ideal place to camp due to its wide green pampas.

Cascada de La Banda

With its natural falls of crystalline water over large rocks, in the lower part small lagoons are formed that allow the recreation of both people and strangers. Likewise, on one side, small rock pans are formed, where they pour sulfurous waters born from the entrails of Colossus Colossus, they serve for the cure of diverse evils, especially of the skin. The waterfall is one kilometer from the city of Gonzanamá.

Church of Gonzanamá

It is located in the Cantonal canton of Gonzanamá. Built between 1696 - 1700 by the Dominican Friar Joseph Ruiz, with the name of Santo Domingo de Gonzanamá. After several years, for its interior design and its great patrimonial treasures, it was elevated to the category of the Shrine of the Lord of Good Success and Our Lady of Carmen, celebrating its religious celebrations on July 16 and August 20. The original facade of the parochial temple, was constructed of lime and brick later it was demolished and at present it presents / displays a facade of concrete formed by two parallel towers and maintains an old clock of four spheres.

Petroglyph El Guayural

In the Nambacola parish, Algarro- rra neighborhood, there is a recorded rock located on the hill called El Tablón. The rock, whose size is 7 m x 6.5 m, gives the appearance of a stone plate that is at the same level of the ground, nailed on the hill and has an inclination of 30 °. There is a total of 31 signs carved carefully in high relief and shows a dynamic and sensual character in the line, a sign of the predominance of the use of curved lines.

La Catalina Waterfall

They are located in the Puerto Bolívar neighborhood in the Catalina sector, 1 hour from Gonzanamá by vehicle and by a third order road. The distance between Gonzanamá and the Puerto Bolívar neighborhood exists 20 km. This waterfall is at 1780 meters above sea level, has a height of 4 meters, its base has 1 diameter, enough space to rest, surrounded by a lot of vegetation, its water is very clear and cold, its water fall is of an expanded form approximately in about 6 meters wide.

The Ingahurco

It is located in the parish Nambacola, its main attraction is the crater. It is estimated that this hill was an active volcano. In the vicinity of the crater are located caves formed by crossed stones, inside of which have been human skulls of gentiles, both children and adults. It is said that in the Incario in this place settled a tribe that subsisted with the harvesting of fruits.

The Big Stone

Piedra Grande, the view leaves the visitor impressed by the presence of a great elevation of solid rock. From its heights you can see the entire valley of crops of Gerinoma. It is a rock that has an approximate height of 80 meters, on whose summit rests a large illuminated cross.

Condor Huasi or Casa del Cóndor

Located 15 kilometers from Gonzanamá, on the road that leads to Catamayo, is located in the El Portete neighborhood of Nambacola parish a place full of magic and mysticism; nestled in the mountains that look at the Catamayo Valley. Strategic and sacred site for our "gentiles", name with which the mestizos knew the indigenous tribes that lived around. In its path it is possible to go enjoying unimaginable landscapes.

The Giant of Changaimina (Gentiles)

More than 30 years ago a skeleton of a giant of almost seven meters was found in the place that was guarded by the well-known priest Carlos Miguel Vaca. The parish where the Changaimina remains were found, which in the indigenous language means "cemetery of the gods".

Unfortunately, almost all the skeleton left for the Smithsonian Museum, in the United States, but for our pleasure there are the territories where the giants lived, the same ones that are magical spaces, suitable for camping and transported to a rich past.

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Ecuador and its unique charms.

4 worlds in one place, so you can enjoy them to the fullest...!

Ecuador country of 4 worlds, in one place...!

Ecuador, officially called the Republic of Ecuador, is a sovereign country located in the northwestern region of South America. Bordered on the North by Colombia, Northwest with Peru, to the South and to the East with the Peru. The Pacific Ocean bathes the western coast, and separates it from the Galapagos Islands located thousand kilometers to the West.

Soo close Quito the capital of the Andes, stands the Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the world. It is currently one of the most traditional and culturally better preserved on the planet, it has 5 nominations for the Cultural heritage of humankind, two natural heritage of humanity and over 20 candidates for other commemorations of the Unesco .

History of the Ecuador

The first human settlements in Ecuadorian territory date back to 12 000 to.C., subsequently developed several pre-Columbian peoples. After the definitive independence from Spanish rule, part of the territory joined quickly the Gran Colombia, while the coastal territory remained independent until the annexation by manu militari by Simón Bolívar. In 1830 the Colombian territories of the South seceded and created the Ecuadorian nation.In 1979, the country returned to democratic system, although political instability between 1996 to 2006 led the country into an economic, political and social crisis, resulting in the dollarization of its economy and toppled three Presidents before the end of its mandate.

The Ecuador culture

Rag dolls representing the indigenous culture of Ecuador is a multi-ethnic and multicultural nation.It should consider the ethnic and regional diversity of Ecuador to analyze their culture. Ethnically it is marked by the presence of mestizos and indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian, white; as well as regions such as the coast, the sierra, the East and the insular region, all of them with very rich specificities.

The Ecuador climate

The country has a tropical and humid climate, the air quality is very good by the presence of large natural forests, national parks, and the Amazon rainforest.

Geography of the Ecuador

Ecuador is located on the terrestrial Equator by which its territory is located in both hemispheres.The country has an area of 283,561 square kilometers. It is divided into four natural regions (La Costa, Sierra, the Amazon and the Insular region or Galapagos), in turn is divided administratively into 24 provinces.
In the Pacific coast are the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabi, Los Rios, Guayas, Santa Elena and El Oro.In the Andes, in the North and central are Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua and Chimborazo, in the South are Bolivar, Cañar, Azuay and Loja.In the Amazon, on the other hand are succumbing, Napo, Pastaza, Orellana, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe and in the island, the Galapagos Islands, made up of 13 main islands region.

The Ecuador economy

Ecuador is a major exporter of bananas (first place worldwide in its production and export), flowers, and the eighth World producer of cocoa.Petroleum accounts for 40% of exports and contributes to maintaining a positive trade balance.

Festivals in the Ecuador

  • Easter, many of the provinces celebrated on this date, with regional events.
  • November 2, the Difuntos.
  • 25 of December day, they celebrate Christmas, sharing in family.
  • 331 December, farewell of the year.

Regions natural of the Ecuador

Amazon rainforest, Andes mountains, Costa and the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador national parks

Parque Nacional Yasuní, Cotopaxi, Sangay National Park, National Park Podocarpus, El Cajas National Park, National Park Machalilla National Park.

Languages spoken in Ecuador

Ecuador speaks the Spanish throughout the territory, also Quechua indigenous populations of the Sierra and the Amazon, but as it is a country with a tourist infrastructure in development, can be guides in several languages; It is possible to speak in English at the points of attention to tourists called "iTur"; created by the Ministry of tourism also in airports, Bus Terminal, municipalities and others find information points.

Shopping in Ecuador

We recommend going to the handicrafts market of Otavalo, located about 2 hours (120 km) of Quito city, there you can get variety of souvenirs and handicrafts that are found in the rest of the Andean region.And don't forget Cotacachi, a town with cute works in leather of high quality.
In the city of Cuenca also can be purchased pottery, textiles, jewelry, crafts in toquilla straw, wrought iron, etc.

Food typical of the Ecuador

Ecuador has a variety of typical food, in each of the natural regions, such as Costa, Sierra and East have their own typical food, in the East can eat a Chontacuro (worms grilled on skewer), in the Sierra you can eat a delicious "fry pork", a hornado, llapingachos, the Guinea pig, the classic "sing" in Cuenca, and a fish coconut coast, prieta salt, green bolon or ceviche de concha and many more dishes.In Manabi most importantly the food is tanning with lemon and fresh fish.

  • Pope locro, is a stew with squash, beans, corn or potatoes.
  • Roast Cuy or Guinea.
  • Cebiche or ceviche, this dish is very consumed in the coastal area.
  • Encebollado, is a stew of fish containing Yucca and pickled red onions.
  • Cuy or Guinea pig, is usually roasted.
  • Bolón de pescado
  • Bolón, is based green bananas broiled or fried previously.
  • Fritada is another delicious dish of Ecuador.Not be left confused by the name, is not a dish of fried meat.The meat of pig or pork is cooked in plenty of water and orange juice with cumin, garlic, onion, salt and pepper until the water has been consumed to be completed. Then the meat begins to Brown in its own fat. Also is it accompanied by mote (boiled maize).

Drinks and fun in Ecuador

There are many clubs and bars in constant renewal in the country.

  • A reference point for nightlife is Montañita where Sun, surf, beach and joy.
  • In Guayaquil, there are bars and clubs for all tastes.
  • In Quito, the area of fun, dancing, alcohol is known as the Mariscal. Current law restricts the opening of bars and nightclubs on holidays; the days Friday and Saturday until 2:00 am, on Sunday the sale of alcoholic beverages is limited.

Lodging in Ecuador

Ecuador has a good hotel infrastructure for all kinds of tourists, from Hostels up to Super exclusive luxury hotels such as the Hilton Hotel Oro Verde, Sheraton, Wyndham, Unipark, among others. All this is thanks to the good tourist development that has had the country in recent years.
If you need more information about where to stay, we recommend you to enter this link: Lodging in Ecuador and review the tourism infrastructure that exists in all of the Ecuador.

Tourism in Ecuador

Ecuador lies within the countries more diverse in its ecosystem and for this reason National Geographic categorized it within the top 10 tourist destinations in adventure.

Cultural in Ecuador tourist attractions

Historic center of Quito, Mitad del Mundo, Ingapirca ruins, historic centre of Cuenca, Latacunga, and much more.Come and visit Ecuador!

Natural tourist attractions in Ecuador

Galapagos Islands, National Park Yasuní, National Park El Cajas National Park Sangay, Parque nacional Podocarpus, Vilcabamba, bathrooms.
Glaciers and volcanoes: Antisana, Cayambe, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo Illinizas.El is the volcano and highest mountain of Ecuador, is the farthest from the center of the Earth, and «the point closest to the Sun». Its last known eruption is believed that you occurred around the 550 dC.
Beaches: Crucita, Atacames, Bahía de Caráquez, Esmeraldas, Manta, Salinas, Montañita

Cotopaxi Volcano in Latacunga Ecuador

The Cotopaxi volcano is a tourist place of Ecuador, one of the heights that you can not miss visiting, a representative volcano of the Sierra Region.

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Galapagos Islands

Extraordinary flora and fauna, a place you must visit...!

Galapagos Islands are worldwide known for their wide biodiversity and for being the point from where Charles Darwin developed the theory of evolution.We present you 5 facts that perhaps you didn't know about the Enchanted Islands.

The term "Enchanted islands" first appeared on a map in 1589.Sailors nicknamed thus to the Galapagos Islands, by referring to these "appeared and disappeared", since due to the sea currents strong, access to the Islands was limited at certain times of the year. The nickname transcended over the years and today is still saying that the Islands are "delighted", but referring now to the great biodiversity of flora and fauna.

The Galapagos marine iguana, is the only species of reptile in the world that has managed to adapt to life under water.

The Islands are named for the giant tortoises that live there (the Galapagos word meaning turtle). This species can reach up to 16 hours a day to sleep and mainly feeds on cacti that grow there.

In keeping with the turtles, originally there were 15 species of giant tortoises in the Galapagos, unfortunately 5 of them are completely extinct, so there are only 10. The main threat of the turtles is the human being, who for years has been dedicated to hunting them for their meat and oil.

The Galapagos Islands were part of the second world war! During this war, the Government of Ecuador allowed the United States Government build a runway with strategic aims in the Islands.When the war ended, the Americans abandoned the place. That track currently serves as the main airport of the Islands, which welcomes the year thousands of passengers.