Sígsig - Azuay - Ecuador

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Sígsig - Azuay - Ecuador

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Canton Sígsig. It is a canton of the Province of Azuay, Ecuador. Its cantonal head is the city of Sígsig.

Sigsig Canton has many tourist places where you can appreciate the flora and fauna of that land, its most prominent places are the chobshi cave, its beautiful zhingate beach, attracts many tourists to enjoy their typical food and see straw hats toquilla. Al Siggsig leaves impregnated tourists who visit this area, it is known by the apple that is what characterizes this canton and many more plants as well as in the fauna.

There are many other causes for which Sígsig is a Cultural Heritage of the Nation, such as paja toquilla, its legends, its houses, all its customs among others.

Relief Canton Sigsig

It is crowned by several hills among which we have Fazayñan, Azhchela, Chiri, Santa Bárbara, Bayanshun, Mesaloma, Piléo, Huallil, the páramos de Matanga, Amorgeo and Moriré.

Clima Canton Sigsig

Its climate is temperate and the temperature fluctuates between 15 ° and 20 °.

Sigsig Canton Hydrography

It includes the Santa Bárbara River, Ayllón, Burro Playa, Shuro, Chacra, Altar and Alcacay. Lagoons such as Ayllón, Santa Bárbara, Santo Domingo, Enchanted, Cebadilla, Cocha Green, Zhurigüiña, Cocha Channel, Nárig, Chobshi, and Quingor.

Economic development Canton Sigsig

Its main activities are agriculture and crafts. In Sígsig there are articles made of straw, ceramic, articles of clothing, preserves in syrup, products in wood, musical instruments such as guitars, bandolas, charangos, delicious cheeses, and their traditional drink is called canary.

Cultures and traditions Canton Sigsig

Fiesta de San Sebastián: Every January 19-20 and January 21, the festivities in honor of San Sebastián take place in the cantonal center. Dances, pyrotechnic games, crazy cow, curiquingues, castles, village band, jampos, skirmish, among other cultural activities are present in these festivities.

Cultural Carnival: Sigseño carnival as in the rest of the province is played with water, powder, carioca, butter, etc., several days in advance and with the completion of different events. Carnival Sunday is a cultural festival full of colors, music, traditions, typical food and dance. On Monday and Tuesday the beaches of Zhingate is the place of concentration to enjoy these parties to the rhythm of different styles of music.

Cantonization Parties: The cantonization festivities and the apple festival take place on April 16 of each year. They begin with the election of the Queen of the canton, then the civic military parade that culminates with the town hall session, in the afternoon an extensive program of social and cultural nature, which includes popular dance, craft fairs, sale of typical foods and the Cholita Sigseña election, ending these civic celebrations with the traditional sigseño Monday at the Zhingate Beaches.

Festivities of the Virgin Mary Help of Christians: On 23 and 24 May, the festivities are held in honor of the Virgin Mary Help of Christians. These days dawns joyful for sigseños resident in the canton and in many parts of the country that attend with devotion to the coronation, field mass and the procession, acts that take great solemnity and demonstrate the meaning love for the Virgin, expressed in songs, prayers and praises.

Sports Days: This sports and cultural festival takes place during a week in the month of August coinciding with the holidays that are the occasion of rest and the opportunity to air all frustrations, triumphs and disappointments accumulated throughout the year . Congregates hundreds of athletes and fans who belong to different clubs and who compete in a friendly atmosphere in various disciplines such as football, basketball, indoor, ecuavolley, table tennis, chess, among others.

Fiestas of Cultural Heritage: One of the festivities that make the inhabitants of the canton Sígsig proud, is precisely the declaration as Cultural Heritage of Ecuador. These parties are held the last week of October, during this time a series of cultural activities are carried out with the participation of all educational centers and other institutions of the canton, a space where the cultural riches of our terroir

Pass of the Child: In December the Pass of the Child is a universal tradition, the most important of the liturgical calendar, whose main objective is to give worship to the birth of the child Jesus through mass processions. During this month and part of January in our canton there are numerous passes, the same that are in charge of families and the different institutions of the canton where historical facts, culture and tradition are reflected.

Tourist Attractions Canton Sigsig

Chobshi-Shabalula Archaeological Complex

The archaeological site of Chobshi-Shabalula is located on the left bank of the Santa Bárbara River, 6 kilometers northwest of the cantonal capital. The oldest human settlements in Ecuador date back approximately ten thousand years and one of the most important is considered the Black Cave of Chobshi. The primitive man of Chobshi was an expert in the manufacture of manufactures and tools such as spearheads, scrapers, knives and other parts used for the house. The archaeological site of Chobshi-Shabalula is composed of different constituent elements that cover an approximate area of ​​50 hectares.

"The Black Cave"

From the research carried out, it is clear that this natural shelter was inhabited by hunter-gatherers who lived in the early post-glacial period, between 8060 and 5585 BC, with an industry of foliaceous and pedunculate tips similar to others found in contemporary sites in Ecuador and of the Central Andes of Peru. The carved stone industry that includes a large number of instruments and utensils, such as: gravers, scrapers, perforators, crushers, denticulates, among others, and are made of a variety of rocks particularly basalt, silex and obsidian.

Chobshi Castle

Another element is the complex of Chobshi, located 250 meters from the Black Cave, is the Castle of Duma. Chobshi was occupied by the Cañaris, who left important testimonies of their material and immaterial culture. There are for example remains of constructions and cañari pottery within the phase that dominated the place, the so-called Tacalzhapa, as well as the walls worked by the Cañaris and later by the Incas, which is known as the Ingapirca de Chobshi.


In the upper part of Chobshi, the Adoratory of Shabalula rises, in addition there are two lithic constructions associated with the Inca Trail, which in aboriginal times communicated the ancient city of Tomebamba with the Sígsig and the Amazon, through the páramos of the Matanga When visiting the community of Chobshi, it is important that you, a tourist friend, bring suitable clothes with you for walks along the trails of the Valín canyon along the Santa Bárbara River, the archaeological complex of Chobshi and Shabalula, the Cueva Negra, the Quebrada del Puente Dry and the trails that lead to the Pailón Canyon, a beautiful natural site worked by nature where we can witness the bifurcation and unification of part of the Huallíl hill. In addition to observation visits to the archaeological museum site built entirely by the community that is organized in the Community Association of Chobshi, who will facilitate your stay and provide tours with native guides.

Historical Center

The historical center of Sígsig has two well-characterized urban complexes: the old center with houses arranged in a row and the modern center with vernacular architecture that keeps buildings with cultural value. The facades of the houses are simple, subtly adorned in their fronts by balconies and eaves, they show a rich and varied texture, with colors in their walls and constructive elements. The Ministry of Education and Culture, in order to protect the cultural, architectural and urban heritage of the city of Sígsig, declared its historic center as "Well belonging to the Cultural Heritage of the Nation". This area declared as heritage has special characteristics that make it an area of ​​important urban and landscape architectural interest.

Feast of San Sebastián (January 20)

They are held on January 20 of each year, on the day of the party the village wakes up with village band music, folk dances are performed, customs and traditions are represented, and musical performances are performed. Here is the game of the "Escaramuza" consists of about 180 horsemen and their horses performing corridas, jiros and choreography in honor of San Sebastian, accompanied by the village band perform the songs of the "loas", "the challenge "with the symbolic taking of the square.

Festivities of the Virgin Mary Help of Christians (May 24)

The eve is a special day because there are acts of deep religious emotion such as the solemn Coronation of Mary and the Serenade to the "Churona de Túdul". On May 24, the faithful with devotion walk through the streets of the town to the sound of Hail Marys and chants.

Association of Toquilleras María Auxiliadora del Sígsig

It is one of the largest women's organizations in Ecuador. They are dedicated to the production and processing of toquilla straw articles. It highlights the crafts, handbags, hats and an innovative line of handbags, which characterizes the skill and dexterity of the woman.

Sculptors of religious art Canton Sigsig

It emerges with manual skill and a high dose of sensitivity. This is how their various manifestations are expressed. In particular, the size of Christs and celestial images require a greater spiritual charge rooted in the Sánchez Zamora family, made up of the sons of Don Luis Guillermo (+). The wood with which they make these handicrafts are very fine among them the walnut, orange, capulí and pine of the most used, these are brought from the hill Fazayñan and Molón.

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Ecuador and its unique charms.

4 worlds in one place, so you can enjoy them to the fullest...!

Ecuador country of 4 worlds, in one place...!

Ecuador, officially called the Republic of Ecuador, is a sovereign country located in the northwestern region of South America. Bordered on the North by Colombia, Northwest with Peru, to the South and to the East with the Peru. The Pacific Ocean bathes the western coast, and separates it from the Galapagos Islands located thousand kilometers to the West.

Soo close Quito the capital of the Andes, stands the Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the world. It is currently one of the most traditional and culturally better preserved on the planet, it has 5 nominations for the Cultural heritage of humankind, two natural heritage of humanity and over 20 candidates for other commemorations of the Unesco .

History of the Ecuador

The first human settlements in Ecuadorian territory date back to 12 000 to.C., subsequently developed several pre-Columbian peoples. After the definitive independence from Spanish rule, part of the territory joined quickly the Gran Colombia, while the coastal territory remained independent until the annexation by manu militari by Simón Bolívar. In 1830 the Colombian territories of the South seceded and created the Ecuadorian nation.In 1979, the country returned to democratic system, although political instability between 1996 to 2006 led the country into an economic, political and social crisis, resulting in the dollarization of its economy and toppled three Presidents before the end of its mandate.

The Ecuador culture

Rag dolls representing the indigenous culture of Ecuador is a multi-ethnic and multicultural nation.It should consider the ethnic and regional diversity of Ecuador to analyze their culture. Ethnically it is marked by the presence of mestizos and indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian, white; as well as regions such as the coast, the sierra, the East and the insular region, all of them with very rich specificities.

The Ecuador climate

The country has a tropical and humid climate, the air quality is very good by the presence of large natural forests, national parks, and the Amazon rainforest.

Geography of the Ecuador

Ecuador is located on the terrestrial Equator by which its territory is located in both hemispheres.The country has an area of 283,561 square kilometers. It is divided into four natural regions (La Costa, Sierra, the Amazon and the Insular region or Galapagos), in turn is divided administratively into 24 provinces.
In the Pacific coast are the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabi, Los Rios, Guayas, Santa Elena and El Oro.In the Andes, in the North and central are Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua and Chimborazo, in the South are Bolivar, Cañar, Azuay and Loja.In the Amazon, on the other hand are succumbing, Napo, Pastaza, Orellana, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe and in the island, the Galapagos Islands, made up of 13 main islands region.

The Ecuador economy

Ecuador is a major exporter of bananas (first place worldwide in its production and export), flowers, and the eighth World producer of cocoa.Petroleum accounts for 40% of exports and contributes to maintaining a positive trade balance.

Festivals in the Ecuador

  • Easter, many of the provinces celebrated on this date, with regional events.
  • November 2, the Difuntos.
  • 25 of December day, they celebrate Christmas, sharing in family.
  • 331 December, farewell of the year.

Regions natural of the Ecuador

Amazon rainforest, Andes mountains, Costa and the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador national parks

Parque Nacional Yasuní, Cotopaxi, Sangay National Park, National Park Podocarpus, El Cajas National Park, National Park Machalilla National Park.

Languages spoken in Ecuador

Ecuador speaks the Spanish throughout the territory, also Quechua indigenous populations of the Sierra and the Amazon, but as it is a country with a tourist infrastructure in development, can be guides in several languages; It is possible to speak in English at the points of attention to tourists called "iTur"; created by the Ministry of tourism also in airports, Bus Terminal, municipalities and others find information points.

Shopping in Ecuador

We recommend going to the handicrafts market of Otavalo, located about 2 hours (120 km) of Quito city, there you can get variety of souvenirs and handicrafts that are found in the rest of the Andean region.And don't forget Cotacachi, a town with cute works in leather of high quality.
In the city of Cuenca also can be purchased pottery, textiles, jewelry, crafts in toquilla straw, wrought iron, etc.

Food typical of the Ecuador

Ecuador has a variety of typical food, in each of the natural regions, such as Costa, Sierra and East have their own typical food, in the East can eat a Chontacuro (worms grilled on skewer), in the Sierra you can eat a delicious "fry pork", a hornado, llapingachos, the Guinea pig, the classic "sing" in Cuenca, and a fish coconut coast, prieta salt, green bolon or ceviche de concha and many more dishes.In Manabi most importantly the food is tanning with lemon and fresh fish.

  • Pope locro, is a stew with squash, beans, corn or potatoes.
  • Roast Cuy or Guinea.
  • Cebiche or ceviche, this dish is very consumed in the coastal area.
  • Encebollado, is a stew of fish containing Yucca and pickled red onions.
  • Cuy or Guinea pig, is usually roasted.
  • Bolón de pescado
  • Bolón, is based green bananas broiled or fried previously.
  • Fritada is another delicious dish of Ecuador.Not be left confused by the name, is not a dish of fried meat.The meat of pig or pork is cooked in plenty of water and orange juice with cumin, garlic, onion, salt and pepper until the water has been consumed to be completed. Then the meat begins to Brown in its own fat. Also is it accompanied by mote (boiled maize).

Drinks and fun in Ecuador

There are many clubs and bars in constant renewal in the country.

  • A reference point for nightlife is Montañita where Sun, surf, beach and joy.
  • In Guayaquil, there are bars and clubs for all tastes.
  • In Quito, the area of fun, dancing, alcohol is known as the Mariscal. Current law restricts the opening of bars and nightclubs on holidays; the days Friday and Saturday until 2:00 am, on Sunday the sale of alcoholic beverages is limited.

Lodging in Ecuador

Ecuador has a good hotel infrastructure for all kinds of tourists, from Hostels up to Super exclusive luxury hotels such as the Hilton Hotel Oro Verde, Sheraton, Wyndham, Unipark, among others. All this is thanks to the good tourist development that has had the country in recent years.
If you need more information about where to stay, we recommend you to enter this link: Lodging in Ecuador and review the tourism infrastructure that exists in all of the Ecuador.

Tourism in Ecuador

Ecuador lies within the countries more diverse in its ecosystem and for this reason National Geographic categorized it within the top 10 tourist destinations in adventure.

Cultural in Ecuador tourist attractions

Historic center of Quito, Mitad del Mundo, Ingapirca ruins, historic centre of Cuenca, Latacunga, and much more.Come and visit Ecuador!

Natural tourist attractions in Ecuador

Galapagos Islands, National Park Yasuní, National Park El Cajas National Park Sangay, Parque nacional Podocarpus, Vilcabamba, bathrooms.
Glaciers and volcanoes: Antisana, Cayambe, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo Illinizas.El is the volcano and highest mountain of Ecuador, is the farthest from the center of the Earth, and «the point closest to the Sun». Its last known eruption is believed that you occurred around the 550 dC.
Beaches: Crucita, Atacames, Bahía de Caráquez, Esmeraldas, Manta, Salinas, Montañita

Yaku Runa indigenous community in Mera Pastaza

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Galapagos Islands

Extraordinary flora and fauna, a place you must visit...!

Galapagos Islands are worldwide known for their wide biodiversity and for being the point from where Charles Darwin developed the theory of evolution.We present you 5 facts that perhaps you didn't know about the Enchanted Islands.

The term "Enchanted islands" first appeared on a map in 1589.Sailors nicknamed thus to the Galapagos Islands, by referring to these "appeared and disappeared", since due to the sea currents strong, access to the Islands was limited at certain times of the year. The nickname transcended over the years and today is still saying that the Islands are "delighted", but referring now to the great biodiversity of flora and fauna.

The Galapagos marine iguana, is the only species of reptile in the world that has managed to adapt to life under water.

The Islands are named for the giant tortoises that live there (the Galapagos word meaning turtle). This species can reach up to 16 hours a day to sleep and mainly feeds on cacti that grow there.

In keeping with the turtles, originally there were 15 species of giant tortoises in the Galapagos, unfortunately 5 of them are completely extinct, so there are only 10. The main threat of the turtles is the human being, who for years has been dedicated to hunting them for their meat and oil.

The Galapagos Islands were part of the second world war! During this war, the Government of Ecuador allowed the United States Government build a runway with strategic aims in the Islands.When the war ended, the Americans abandoned the place. That track currently serves as the main airport of the Islands, which welcomes the year thousands of passengers.